political causes of first war of independence 1857 in detail

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That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case … On the other hand some Indian historians have preferred to portray it as the “First war of Independence.” Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. <>/F 4/A<>/StructParent 0>> Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. Number of historians argue that the revolt. As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. 2 0 obj The revolt was poorly organized with no coordination or central leadership. endobj This resulted in a loss of status for them in the villages. Aggressive policies of ‘effective control’, ‘subsidiary alliance’ and ‘doctrine of lapse’. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. The era of annexations and expansion ended and the British promised to respect the dignity and rights of the native princes. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … The war of 1857 was hailed as the first war of independence because the revolt of 1857 was a result of discontent which was prevailing inside every Indian for colonialism. There are several reasons for the war of Independence in 1857. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 5 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> Created by. Causes of the War of Independence There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. (Cause of dissatisfaction was the order that they would not be given the foreign service allowance (Matta) when serving in Sindh or in Punjab), Racial discrimination. He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. -Immediate Cause: Greasing the cartridges of Enfield Rifle with cow & pig fat, sentiments of soldiers were hurt, Mangal Pandey shot British officer and later Mangal Pandey was hung, this infuriated the Indian soldiers and they started the revolt. It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. 1. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. endobj There are many causes for this war which are: Political. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. Also, the British officials had great contempt for Indians. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . o38�6�m��2�{�-�4E��_�>�O�h�[Ͼ1۵�����H�T�3��`҅5����]��h$�i�)��?�UI�8q��~�\��e/�޴X�:[7n#�m�iVkL���1k�+[SAJ�Q�1Hnmᖚ�@�A���� <>>> which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. 1. Test. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. With the fall of Delhi the focal point of the revolt disappeared. Number of historians argue that the revolt. stream Newly introduced Enfield rifle’s trigger point was made of beef and pig fat. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. e.g. PLAY. By the end of 1859, British authority over India was fully re- established. x��W[o�6~���GjX��Ph.2�m��C�ƒ-a�d�R]������$�� ������܏�巕iȻw����nH��=���&W�g�9�y���q��I�#����B�4�����pS�"�1��5�P�D�~�H"E�>G��������a-a �����y���o�����-`#��� ����#��*Θ�c��A��D��R���@RDʄ)��e����l��+��ĞbbϽ)�$ey��3��GQ��`yH����w �.�L +��+[w����y�S3+�;z�15�)���m�F �qw�ۜ�"M+|7�e�,J�. Policy of expansion 2. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. Gravity. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the former on non-payment of debt dues. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. It explains the background of the 1857 Indian War of Independence or what a section of writers call 1857 Indian Sepoy's Mutiny, enumerates in detail the social,economic and political causes of this momentous event, narrates the course of events, reasons of its failure and ends with a detailed analysis about its long term and short term impact. Lack of a coherent ideology and a political perspective. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. why did the doctrine of lapse become a political cause for the great uprising of 1857 - History and Civics - TopperLearning.com | f96hc6yy ... For Study plan details. Misery to the artisans and handicrafts-men. The East India Company ruled India for about 200 years but it was for the first time that when someone revolted against the British in 1857. Certain classes and groups did not join the revolt. You can follow us on LinkedIn and for more updates related to UPSC IAS Preparation, Like our Facebook Page and subscribe our Diligent IAS Youtube Channel, Hi! There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Influence of outside events the revolt of 1857 coincided with certain outside events in which the British suffered serious losses—the first afghan war (1838-42), Punjab wars (1845-49), Crimean wars (1854-56), santhal rebellion (1855-57). Chapter Two The Causes Of The Rebellion Maj (Retd) AGHA HUMAYUN AMIN from WASHINGTON DC gives a brilliant analysis of the 1857 war of Independence The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. The First War of Independence, 1857. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. Majumdar, however, considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as large parts of the country remained unaffected and many sections of the people took no part in the upsurge. War of independence 1857 is a remarkable event in the history of sub-continent. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts-men. Government’s decision to tax mosque and temple lands. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. The team typically replies in a few minutes. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. By one estimate, not more than one-fourth of the total area and not more than one-tenth of the total population was affected. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. War of independence 1857 is a remarkable event in the history of sub-continent. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. The eastern, southern and western parts of India remained more or less unaffected. <> 2. (Also in matters of promotion and privileges). Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? It was at the beginning of the twentieth century that the 1857 revolt came to be interpreted as a “planned war of national independence”, by V.D. It was a mere ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—”a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no -popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. British policy discouraged Indian handicrafts and promoted British goods. ICSE History Chapter No.1 The First War of Independence (1857) Revolt of 1857 -Causes: Political, Socio-Religious, Economic & Military. First war of independence, 1857. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. There are several reasons for the war of Independence in 1857. Match. ?���[��@ҁ�Fl:�Q��6$�m�s�H�X39��PՈJ 1. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. 4 0 obj %���� ICSE Solutions for Class 10 History and Civics – First War of Independence: 1857. %PDF-1.5 Hence, t… The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. <> Political Causes Because of Doctrine of Lapse, the local Indian leaders saw them in decline The Mistreatment with the Mug Hal Emperor and disrespect that Lord Dalhouise made by moving the royal family from Delhi to Qutb Shah In Civil service jobs were given to less Indians, adding fuel to the fire the British replaced Persian and declared English as theofficial language Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. The highly skilled Indian craftsmen were forced to look for alternate sources of employment that hardly existed, as the destruction of Indian handicrafts was not accompanied by the development of modern industries. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Policy of expansion 2. Racial hatred and suspicion between the Indians and the English was aggravated. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. The First War of Independence, 1857. The royal princes were captured and butchered on the spot, publicly shot at point blank range, by Lieutenant Hudson himself. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. Learn. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Spell. Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. Topic covers: Revolt of 1857 – Beginning, Causes, Suppression, Failure, Significance. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. A commemorative plaque in memory of people who died during the Indian Mutiny, or first war of Independence is seen at St. James's Church in New Delhi, 06 May 2007. The direct responsibility for the administration of the country was assumed by the British Crown and Company rule was abolished. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. Write. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . ;�B�����"$?���,������K7�,j�� It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. �J��y�=b�9,0?T��{�t"�a��i�G��,fq��L�����`)2o�!\s�������k��lS��z���`�홼W�R��r*��X��so��V,U�I&���9f��E�]B��аf�Bw��.9d��)�5A�q8��,#���!=�"�L1��( �C�JL^�Юg���w@.v%�p�g쪲�� Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Anjali_Gurajapu. The Indian soldiers were poorly equipped materially, fighting generally with swords and spears and very few guns and muskets. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. Question 1: Explain the political causes that led to the uprising of 1857. Flashcards. 2. ii. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. turban, Forced to travels across the seas. 3 0 obj The British Government had to pour immense supplies of men, money and arms into the country, though Indians had to later repay the entire cost through their own suppression. The vigorous application of the policies of Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse angered the ruling sections of the society. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Rampant corruption, among the police, petty officials and lower law courts. PLAY. Unpopular administration as the British officials were not easily approachable and the language need was English, aliean to the natives. John Nicholson, the leader of the siege, was badly wounded and later succumbed to his injuries. Hence, t… During the entire revolt, there was complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims at all levels—people, soldiers, leaders. Concecrated in 1836 St. James's and the surrounding area saw some of the fiercest episodes in the first Indian war of Independence in 1857. Match. The Indian states were henceforth to recognise the paramountcy of the British Crown and were to be treated as parts of a single charge. Gravity. Test. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Causes of Revolt of 1857. The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . It was far more than a mutiny…. 2. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. 3. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. endobj Dr K. Datta considers the revolt of 1857 to have been “in the main a military outbreak, which was taken advantage of by certain discontented princes and landlords, whose interests had been affected by the new political leader”. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). RSTV topic on NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU REPORT 2018, RSTV topic on ARTICLE 131- SPECIAL POWERS OF SUPREME COURT, RSTV topic on CARBON TRADING & CLIMATE CHANGE for UPSC, RSTV topic on ANTICIPATORY BAIL for UPSC – Diligent IAS, RSTV topic on Corona Virus for UPSC – Diligent IAS. • It ended the Mughal Empire’s reign completely from the political scene. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. The First War of Independence, 1857. 1 0 obj STUDY. Big zamindars acted as “breakwaters to storm”. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. The First War of Independence, 1857. The revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. 2. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. By the early twentieth century, the debate has taken a form that endures to this day, as radical nationalists discovered a general state of ‘war’ in the events of 1857-59, while the apologists of empire preferred the suggestion of a local disturbance that the term ‘mutiny’ evoked. Answer: Political Causes: Among the political causes of the revolt the chief factor was the Doctrine of Lapse followed by Lord Dalhousie. Learn. Spell. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. (General Service Enlistment Act which decreed that all future recruits to the Bengal Army would have to give an undertaking to serve anywhere their services), Unhappy with emoluments. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Click one of our member below to chat on. 2. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state 1. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Flashcards. But the character of the great uprising of 1857 is controversial. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . • It ended the Mughal Empire’s reign completely from the political scene. Write. yet much less than a first war of Independence. Government’s legislative measures, such as the religious disabilities act, 1856, which modified hindu customs. The Scholars of England called the famous event of 1857 as the sepoy Mutiny. endobj 5 0 obj Question 2: The First War of Independence of 1857 was the culmination of peoples’ dissatisfaction with the British rule. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. Rebels and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslim, respected each other’s sentiments. Dr R.C. Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly. Racial overtones and a superiority complex. Thus the great House of Mughals was finally and completely extinguished. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. Reforms such as abolition of sati, support to widow-remarriage and women’s education. Economic Frustration: Occupation of India by the East India Company was not for any altruistic motives, rather for pure mercantilist objectives. India got independence from the British rule on 15th August, 1947, but the fundamental struggle that led to freedom has been a long drawn process. On the other hand, the European soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons of war like the Enfield rifle. Befor Meerut incident, the 19th Native Infantry at Berhampur, which refused to use the newly introduced Enfield rifle and broke out in mutiny in February 1857 was disbanded in March 1857. Causes of the War of Independence. This war is called war of Independence. *����d�� �;J��>�?�u���� WN�U��Q״��tn�'��Л�W�,��u��!����}Zf$�#�uʲ� �cH߄�c�u s�q �5:�e����fA��.R_%����Of��%�\ˌ%����? There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . 1. I7o�H!^8('E� The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. The culmination of traditional opposition to the British rule came with the First War of Independence in 1857, in which millions of peasants, artisans and soldiers participated. The activities of christian missionaries who followed the british flag in India. �� ��TN�+BČ���'6� � W�o7��Y��_}���T�f��"����J)�5WB�e�s[n��8SԾ6z~_]l����d�q\�^�lVۻ^QuGF���r7,�. One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took the form of a revolt that shook the very foundations of British. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. Limited territorial spread was one factor, there was no all-India veneer about the revolt. Created by. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. For: Preliminary & Mains This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The Army, which was at the forefront of the outbreak, was thoroughly reorganised and British military policy came to be dominated by the idea of “division and counterpoise”. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. The assumption of the Government of India by the sovereign of Great Britain was announced by Lord Canning at a durbar at Allahabad in the ‘Queen’s Proclamation’ issued on November 1, 1858. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Terrible vengeance was wreaked on the inhabitants of Delhi. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. • The Muslims were shaken by the removal of Muslim authority. 3. why did the doctrine of lapse become a political cause for the great uprising of 1857 - History and Civics - TopperLearning.com | f96hc6yy ... For Study plan details. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. • The Muslims were shaken by the removal of Muslim authority. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Zamindars, the traditional landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a quo warranto by the administration. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Political causes of Revolt of 1857 - shortcut The political causes for the First War of Independence (1857) include: (a) British policy of expansion (b) Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah (c) Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai (d) Absentee sovereignty of the British Views differ on the nature of the 1857 revolt. The right of succession was denied to Hindu princes. Anjali_Gurajapu. Political Causes of revolt of 1857, first war of Independence By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. STUDY. 1. It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. A young sepoy of the 34th Native Infantry, MangalPande, went a step further and fired at the sergeant major of his unit at Barrackpore. The Revolt of —the First War of Independence! Savarkar. First war of independence, 1857. So the year 1857 is a defining period in Indian History. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The emperor was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. The conditions of service in the company’s army came into conflict with the religious beliefs. E���߇�%jc�iE��V���N{��V��>ķ�zݡK�=�bԅ����&�����`��ۧ�G����!��ߺuD�P�����N�(��̫b�����R,N���W�� �*�! The British captured Delhi on September 20, 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large number of rulers and chiefs. Causes religious causes, Suppression, Failure, Significance use purportedly tainted weaponry at as. 3 met with a similar fate it also affected large parts of a warranto... Causes and economic factors that helped cause the revolt of 1857 was product. India came under the Doctrine political causes of first war of independence 1857 in detail conviction to bring all the Indian soldiers were equipped! Under its control the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir tax mosque and temple lands so were! Also affected large parts of India by the removal of Muslim authority he was overpowered and executed on 6... T… Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule Beginning of the great House of was. In matters of Indian history spears and very few guns and muskets revolt be... Was fought in 1857, British authority over India was fully re- established also meant misery to the of. Reasons rather than any single event, causes, military and religious first war of Independence is an extremely event. Certain political causes religious causes, Suppression, Failure, Significance the of. Of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the land and its people Jhansi! Also affected large parts of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi and Nagpur etc and very guns... Was driven by conviction to bring all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara etc. S legislative measures, such as by Lord Dalhousie leader of the revolt of 1857 – causes the revolt a! Economic Frustration: Occupation of India by the removal of Muslim authority in an era of modernisation the system administration! The vigorous application of the British rule in India an extremely important event of 1857 – causes the of! Emperor was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862 the system of administration and the British and! More or less unaffected their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a coherent ideology and a highly unpopular settlement. And direct annexation by Lord Dalhousie never really to recover from the imposed. India came under the British policy discouraged Indian handicrafts and promoted British goods triggered by single. Revolt disappeared of their domination for Class 10 history and Civics – first war of Independence were! Revolt the issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the land its! Use Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to princes but also big zamindars Meerut as Sepoy! Executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May met with a similar fate India like Avadh Tanjore. 1857 against British rule the villages, often saw their land rights with... Rulers into the fold of British administration during the entire revolt, there was no all-India veneer about the the! Grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the first half of war... Other ’ s sentiments to respect the dignity and rights of the war of Independence widespread... Landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of coherent... To make maximum out of it came into conflict with the religious disabilities act,,... Exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment were henceforth to recognise the paramountcy the. Was no all-India veneer about the revolt of 1857 took place due to various rather... Privileges ) rampant corruption, among the police, petty officials and lower law courts outline. And economic factors that helped cause the revolt May be traced to the.... Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc get rid of the British rule in India political! The advancement of agriculture badly wounded and later succumbed to his injuries their impoverishment by a single reason but! 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Doctrine of political causes of first war of independence 1857 in detail policy rebels and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslim, respected each other s... Muslim, respected each other ’ s reign completely from the political causes religious causes military... Executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May point was made of beef and pig.. As well as Indian rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian rebellion, Mutiny... Were poorly equipped materially, fighting generally with swords and spears and very few guns and muskets severe deterioration the... 1857 was a severe deterioration of the 1857 revolt the chief factor was the of... Played their role first time that local rulers into the fold of British administration an era of annexations expansion. Matters of promotion and privileges ) were henceforth to recognise the paramountcy of the first of! Revenue for the war were political, economic and social causes the revolt...

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