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In the realist novel, The Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. Reference this. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. Finding Joy in Albert Camus’ The Stranger: A Different Perspective Existentialism is often defined as a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. I was just afraid, which was only natural.” (Camus, 116) Meursault rejects the chaplain’s offer telling him that he has no interest in God. These opening lines of the novel serve not only to introduce the novel but to summarize it as well. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). The book was clearly an first-class portraiture both of the doctrine and the possible effects of life without the infliction of regulating regulations which require conformance on us. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. Camus is known for his conception of the absurd, which is a main theme of existentialism. Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. World Company, 1956. Throughout the story, Meursault refuses to adhere to the moral codes of society and murders an Arab, which leads him to months in prison and a … “Death and Absurdism in Camus’s The Stranger.” University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Spring, 1997. Whether or not there is purpose to the universe is an ontological and metaphysical subject, not one that can be realized through historical events. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. His protagonist Meursault as an existential hero denies established religion, existing social norms, rational thinking and civil code. Though Camus does not refer to this notion or absurdity, the beliefs are performed throughout the novel. In his story “The Things They Carried”, Tim O’Brien, enlightens the reader with the many faces and emotions of men. 29 Mar. Can we make sense of life at all? and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. shoots an Arab. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Albert Camus clearly portrays his idea of the absurd at the end of the novel, when Meursault comes to a full acceptance of his absurd position in the universe and cannot but conclude that he is happy. Mersault and His Trial in Albert Camus's "The Stranger", Commentary of a Passage Taken from " the Comfort of the Strangers ", The Things They Carried" Compared to Neisser's "Five Kinds of Self Knowledge, “Story Truth” and “Happening Truth” in "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, Analysis "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, The Portrayal of Vietnam in The Things They Carried and Good Morning Vietnam, Love and War in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried, Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried: Symbolism, Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism. level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. Some rational explanation to the chaos and nonsense? Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. 2007 . The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. He doesn’t care when his mother died, in fact the fact that he has to attend the funeral altogether is the most troubling part of this whole ordeal to him. English Literature 1st Jan 1970 “I explained to him that I wasn’t desperate. Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. Web. 28 Mar. respects human being as unaccountable. 15 Jan. 2016. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. He wants to live with the certainties of this life, even if his only certainty is the death that awaits him “But if I don’t die today, you’ll die tomorrow, or the next day.” (Camus, 117). Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. Study for free with our range of university lectures! A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism is the key component in the story, The Stranger, and is the belief that human existence is purposeless and that is evident by the way the protagonist behaves throughout the novel. Works Cited "Absurdism." Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. Meursault, left alone with his thoughts, thinks about his life and has the “real freedom” to be aware of life as a whole. Camus just takes Mers. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. Similarly, is the stranger absurdist or existentialist? We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. “The Meaning of Life.” 2004. During the second beach fight when Meursault shoots the Arab with Raymond’s gun one of the Arabs draws his knife and holds it up to Meursault, Meursault isn’t bothered by the Arab’s threatening action, it was the light from the sun that reflected into his eyes along with the intense heat that was bothering him “The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes.” (Camus, 59) Meursault shot the Arab because he was uncomfortable and not because he was afraid of being attacked by the Arab. 1.”Existentialism.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. Presented in first person narration through the eyes of Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, the novel serves to evoke the creed of existentialism through the embodiment of the philosophy in a person. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. At one time or another all normal people have wished their loved ones were dead.” (Camus, 65) Meursault also states that all normal people have wished their loved ones dead, which can relate to human beings and the people that stand in the way of their lives, we get frustrated at our own families or friends and wish the worst for them. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. Absurdism goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. In any instanceThe Strangerprice reductions both the value of any workss and the hope of internal felicity based on a belief of divinity. “Sartre’s Existentialism”. The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. The answer from The Stranger to these questions is a categorical "No." Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. It is shown by Meursault, his acceptance, when he Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. When, “For no particular reason, [Mers.] If one were to truly take a look at the universe, it would seem purposeless. Simply put, absurdism is the term for the philosophical thought that deals with “the absurd,” the apparent contradiction between the universe and the individual. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). The Idea of Existentialism in The Stranger 965 Words4 Pages Existentialism is defined as "a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will”. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Translated by Joris De Bres. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. Existentialism and its brother philosophy Absurdism are philosophies that emphasize the uniqueness and isolation of the individual in a hostile and indifferent world, and stress the fact the universe has no discernable purpose. as a way to relay his theory as a story. Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Absurdism is often considered a branch of existentialism. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. All work is written to order. “If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life.” The point illuminated in this quote by Camus is that although some consider viewing life with despair to be wrong, or sinful, in reality hoping for an after life, “another life”, or living a life of implacable grandeur is the real sin. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. When he finally gets to the funeral, he couldn’t care less about his mother-as he rejects the offer to open the casket-but is utterly consumed by the days heat. The reason is the tragedy and devastation the world saw at this time-several world wars in specific.

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