Am Fam Physician. Onset of symptoms is generally gradual. 2005;(4):CD003524. … Buchbinder R, Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) is thought to facilitate healing by temporarily paralyzing the common extensor origin.28,29 Two small RCTs are available but have conflicting results.28,29 One of these studies found that botulinum toxin type A injection decreases pain scores at four and 12 weeks compared with saline injection28; however, the second study found no difference between the two therapies in pain, quality of life, or grip strength at 12 weeks.29 More data are needed before botulinum toxin type A injection can be recommended to treat lateral epicondylitis. The pain is typically located just distal to the lateral epicondyle over the extensor tendon mass. Tennis Elbow Time Out. Beller E. Smidt N, A study in 2008 by Altan and Kanat compared treating 50 individuals with symptoms of lateral epicondylitis for less than 12 months with either a typical counterforce forearm brace versus treatment with a 10-15° dorsiflexion wrist splint. Rheumatology. Address correspondence to Greg. Rarely, surgery may be done to repair the tendon. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Bouter LM. Appleyard RC, Shea B, Deville WL, Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is the most common injury in patients seeking medical attention for elbow pain. Vicenzino B, A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials on physical interventions for lateral epicondylalgia. Assendelft WJ, Hudak PL, Yu E, 16. Nelson J, Electrotherapeutic modalities, including electromagnetic field therapy and iontophoresis, are also often employed to treat lateral epicondylitis. 12. 2001;(4):CD003686. An inelastic, non-articular, proximal forearm strap may be considered. This paper describes the structured treatment program for lateral epicondylitis developed at the Michigan Hand Rehabilitation Center in Warren, Michigan. Tennis elbow. Bouter LM. The condition usually happens due to over use of the forearm muscles and results in pain of the outside elbow. Fess EE. Shock wave therapy for lateral elbow pain. 23. Nirschl RP. Phillips SD, Am J Sports Med. Duley J, Assendelft WJ, SCOT B. SCHEFFEL, MD, is director of the Family Medicine Residency of Idaho's Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship. One case series, including 29 patients who had failed other conservative modalities, reported a 79 percent improvement in pain scores over an average of 9.5 months; some patients required multiple injections.27 However, clinical trials that include a comparison group receiving placebo injections are lacking, and until these trials are completed, autologous blood injections cannot be recommended. Phillips SD, Buchbinder R, Smidt N, Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: brace versus physical therapy or a combination of both—a randomized clinical trial. It's clinically known as lateral epicondylitis. Assendelft WJ, van Dijk CN, The condition affects men and women equally and is more common in persons 40 years or older. 11. Prevalence, incidence, and remission rates of some common rheumatic diseases or syndromes. One RCT suggests that topical nitrate patches may be effective in patients with lateral epicondylitis, but confirmatory studies are needed. To see the full article, log in or purchase access. Although most cases can be self-healing, the optimal treatment strategy for chronic lateral epicondylitis remains controversial. She received her medical degree from the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine. Smidt N, Br J Sports Med. Effectiveness of physiotherapy for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Hill VA, Wong SM, Van Dijk CN. Croft P. Wong SM, O'Connor FG, Calandruccio JH. Autologous blood injections for refractory lateral epicondylitis. 20. Lateral epicondylitis is one of the most common overuse syndromes seen in primary care, with an annual incidence of 1 to 3 percent; the condition affects men and women equally.1 Patients with lateral epicondylitis are typically 40 years or older and have a history of repetitive activity during work or recreation. et al. 6. Green S, Frostick SP, Orthotic devices for tennis elbow: a systematic review. Orthotic devices for tennis elbow: a systematic review. 1999;319:964–8. Buchbinder R, Instead, try these 3 lateral epicondylitis exercises. Bouter LM. / 2001;51:924–9. Buchbinder R, If symptoms persist, physical therapy, including ultrasonography, or NSAID iontophoresis may be appropriate. Effectiveness of physiotherapy for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Haake M. A recent systematic review found that laser therapy had no effect on pain at six weeks; longer-term results were conflicting.19 Pooled data from six studies on short- and long-term outcomes show no difference between laser therapy and placebo.15 These results are reinforced by another systematic review that found evidence against the use of laser therapy alone or in conjunction with other conservative modalities.20, Table 1 summarizes the physical therapy modalities that are effective for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.15,19–22, Studies that showed benefits used diclofenac (Solaraze) or pirprofen (not available in the United States), Stretching and strengthening exercises15,19,20, One or more times daily, three days a week, A single instructive session followed by an in-home regimen may suffice; the regimen should focus on eccentric instead of concentric phases, Four to six weeks (eight to 18 treatments), Augmentation with corticosteroids or deep tissue massage provides no additional benefit; ultrasonography is less effective than exercise. Acupuncture for lateral elbow pain. White M, Kerkhoffs GM, Short-term oral NSAIDs, strap, topical nitrates, acupuncture, botulinum toxin type A injection: B. Assendelft WJ. 1999;81:257–71. 2002;(1):CD001821. Smidt N, Buchbinder R, GREG W. JOHNSON, MD, KARA CADWALLADER, MD, SCOT B. SCHEFFEL, MD, and TED D. EPPERLY, MD, Family Medicine Residency of Idaho, Boise, Idaho. Orthopade [German]. Acupuncture. Stanley JK. The surgical techniques for treating lateral epicondylitis can be grouped into three main categories: open, percutaneous, … Rehabilitation for patients with lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Exactly what causes tennis elbow is unknown, but it is thought to be due to small tears of the tendons that attach forearm muscles to the arm bone at the elbow joint. White M, Clin Evid. National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference. Barnsley L, Fess EE. An inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap (tennis elbow brace) for patients with lateral epicondylitis. Pragmatic randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injection and naproxen for treatment of lateral epicondylitis of elbow in primary care. Arola H, 5. Smidt N, Copyright © 2007 by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Repetitive wrist dorsiflexion with supination and pronation causes overuse of the extensor tendons of the forearm and subsequent microtears, collagen degeneration, and angiofibroblastic proliferation. 2000;61:691–700. 13. No significant differences were found in grip strength or range of motion, and none of the studies evaluated quality of life or time to return to work. W. Johnson, MD, Idaho Family Physicians, 130 E. Boise Ave., Boise, ID 83706 (e-mail: Allander E. Common overuse tendon problems: a review and recommendations for treatment. He received his medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine. Haake M. The condition is sometimes called tennis elbow, although it often occurs with activities such as other racket sports and golf. Green SE, Buchbinder R, Pain over the lateral epicondyle of the humerus during loading of the wrist extensor muscles is a common musculoskeletal presentation in men and women between 35 and 54 years of age. Green SE, van der Windt DA, 2002;(1):CD003527. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Green S, et al. 2008;21(4):400-402. Am Fam Physician. Barnsley L, Home Golfer's elbow is a similar condition that affects the inside of the elbow. The goals of treatment are to: The type of treatment will depend on several factors, including the person's age, type of other medications being taken, overall health, medical history, and severity of pain. Smidt N, Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: brace versus physical therapy or a combination of both—a randomized clinical trial. Understanding prognosis to improve rehabilitation: the example of lateral elbow pain. Arola H, Hui AC, 27. 21. van der Windt DA, Tugwell P, et al. He received his medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle. It is hypothesized that autologous blood injections may trigger the inflammatory cascade and initiate healing of degenerative tissue via mediators in the blood or localized trauma from the injection itself. Address correspondence to Greg. Smidt N, Lateral epicondylitis can be treated with rest and medicines to help with the inflammation. van Dijk CN, Surgery for lateral elbow pain. Assendelft WJ, Smidt N, Hayton MJ, Surgery for lateral elbow pain. Physical therapy regimens, including strength training and stretching, are commonly used to treat lateral epicondylitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Youd JM, ter Riet G, Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Family Physicians. 2005;72:811–8. Ho E, At six months, 81 percent of treated patients were asymptomatic during activities of daily living.30, Surgery is often recommended when conservative strategies fail to relieve lateral epicondylitis symptoms after six to 12 months. Buchbinder R, Smidt N. Rehabilitation for patients with lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Boddeker I, Inflammation, redness, warmth, swelling, tenderness, and decreased range of motion are other symptoms associated with elbow pain. Assendelft WJ. Both tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) and golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis) are painful conditions caused by overuse. Case series have suggested favorable outcomes with few adverse effects.31 Despite these conclusions, no RCTs have been performed.7,31. Evidence is conflicting on the use of oral NSAIDs for lateral epicondylitis. A study showed that, compared with an orthosis (i.e., an inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap [tennis elbow brace]), injection decreased pain at two weeks, but patient-perceived outcomes were no different at six months.10 Several studies found that oral NSAIDs and physiotherapy have greater benefits than corticosteroid injection at intermediate-term follow-up (greater than six weeks) and long-term follow-up (greater than six months), respectively.5,11,12 Studies comparing various corticosteroid injections found no clinically significant differences.8,9 Although corticosteroid injections are effective in the short-term, their long-term effectiveness and advantages over other conservative treatments are uncertain. For information about the SORT evidence rating system, see page749 or. Use of an inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap (tennis elbow brace) may improve function during daily activities. Assendelft WJ. 76/No. Lateral … 17. Chumbley EM, Reduce or relieve pain and inflammation (swelling) — This is the first step in the treatment process and may include: Resting and avoiding any activity that causes pain to the sore elbow Applying ice to the affected area Using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen Use … Malmivaara A, Boddeker I, Brosseau L, 1974;3:145–53.... 2. Hayton MJ, Assendelft WJ. Struijs P, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating lateral elbow pain in adults. Brosseau L, Graston Technique helps break up scar tissue and enhance tendon healing around the elbow associated with lateral epicondylitis. J Hand Ther. Hay EM, One RCT found that at one year a watchful-waiting approach was comparable with physical therapy and superior to corticosteroid injection in alleviating a patient's main complaint.5 Patients in the watchful-waiting group visited their primary care physician once during the six-week intervention period.5 Avoidance of aggravating activities and practical solutions were recommended. 2003;35:51–62. Hay EM, Smidt N. Bisset L, Assendelft W, Adshead R, Youd JM, 22. Yu E, Br J Gen Pract. Smidt N, A current overview. 2005;87:503–7. Paoloni JA, Arola H, Don't miss a single issue. Chumbley EM, Robinson V, Ultrasound therapy for musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review. Buchbinder R, Santini AJ, Immediate, unlimited access to all AFP content. W. Johnson, MD, Idaho Family Physicians, 130 E. Boise Ave., Boise, ID 83706 (e-mail:email@example.com). If symptoms continue despite numerous treatment approaches, referral may be warranted. Buchbinder R, NSAID = nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, A = consistent, good-quality patient-oriented evidence; B = inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence; C = consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, expert opinion, or case series. Want to use this article elsewhere? 1996;78:128–32. 8. Bouter LM. He received his medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine and completed a family medicine residency at Madigan Army Medical Center, Fort Lewis, Wash. Types of treatment that help are: Icing the elbow to reduce pain and swelling. Braces/Splints/Straps- No clear evidence 1. Casimiro L, Evidence does not support the use of laser therapy for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Policy, Get useful, helpful and relevant health + wellness information. Although numerous treatment modalities have been described for lateral epicondylitis, many lack sound scientific rationale. Hughes PJ, / Journals Pragmatic randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injection and naproxen for treatment of lateral epicondylitis of elbow in primary care. / Vol. Scand J Rheumatol. 2003;31:915–20. van der Windt DA, Murrell GA. Bouter LM. Duley J, Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/10/2016. Bell S, Best TM. Tennis elbow. Nelson J, J Hand Ther. 30. To learn more about lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) click the … An accompanying patient handout includes exercises for lateral epicondylitis. Struijs PA, Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis. Wrist lift, palm up. Over time, the forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from repeating the … Lewis M, 28. Botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of tennis elbow. The RCT of 86 patients compared a nitroglycerin transdermal patch with a placebo patch. Ann Med. Overuse of the common extensor tendon causing pain and inflammation is a chronic condition that results in discomfort in the lateral elbow. Hosie G, Barnsley L, Trinh KV, Bouter LM. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Patient information: See related handouts on tennis elbow and exercises for tennis elbow, written by the authors of this article. 2,11 The preferred method of treatment most often is local corticosteroid injection … Recent review articles have addressed the use of patient history, differential diagnosis, and physical examination in the diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis.3,4. 1992;78:421–6. Calandruccio JH. Evaluation of overuse elbow injuries. Animal studies suggest that nitric oxide stimulates collagen synthesis by wound fibroblasts and, therefore, may play a role in healing extensor tendons. Ann Intern Med. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Three studies have shown pain reduction and improvement in subjective function with NSAID iontophoresis (using diclofenac or pirprofen [not available in the United States]) after two to four weeks.15,20 There is no good evidence supporting the use of corticosteroid iontophoresis.15,20 One meta-analysis and one systematic review found limited evidence against the use of electromagnetic field therapy.5,20, Ultrasonography is thought to have thermal and mechanical effects on the target tissue leading to increased metabolism, circulation, extensibility of connective tissue, and tissue regeneration.23 The best available data suggest that ultrasonography provides modest pain reduction over one to three months.15,19–21 Exercise appears to be more effective than ultrasonography for pain relief.15,19 Combining ultrasonography with deep transverse friction massage or corticosteroids is no better than ultrasonography alone.15,22, Deep transverse friction massage is thought to realign abnormal collagen fiber structure, break up adhesions and scar tissue, and increase healing with hyperemia.22 There is insufficient evidence to form conclusions about deep transverse friction massage for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.22, A consensus statement from the National Institutes of Health states that study results are promising enough to consider acupuncture as an appropriate option for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.24 However, conflicting evidence exists, and recommendations for or against this therapy cannot be made. The following interventions are unlikely to be helpful: extracorporeal shock wave therapy, laser therapy. Imaging studies are rarely required for diagnosis. 7. van den Berg SG, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating lateral elbow pain in adults. Murrell GA. More advanced treatments may be appropriate depending on the length and severity of your symptoms and may include use of nitrogen products, PRP (patient's own platelets), shockwave, or even surgery. Orthotic devices for the treatment of tennis elbow. et al. Algorithm for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Smidt N, Smidt N, Get Permissions, Access the latest issue of American Family Physician. Acupuncture. de Winter AF, Kester AD, J Bone Joint Surg Am. Reprints are not available from the authors. 15. Pain. Green S, Assendelft WJ, Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Specific exercises are helpful for strengthening the muscles of the forearm. 1998;280:1518–24. The pain may also extend into the back of the forearm and grip strength may be weak. The efficacy of splinting for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Acupuncture for the alleviation of lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic review. Lateral epicondylitis is a common overuse syndrome of the extensor tendons of the forearm. Patients received acetaminophen or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), if necessary, although they were encouraged to wait for spontaneous improvement.5. 2007 Sep 15;76(6):843-848. Two systematic reviews and one meta-analysis found that acupuncture leads to short-term (three days to two months) pain reduction.15,20,25 Two additional systematic reviews acknowledge that acupuncture might provide short-term benefit, but they conclude that there is insufficient evidence on the use of acupuncture for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.7,26. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. Policy, Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Barnsley L, Nonsurgical Treatment Physical therapy. Education/Advice- on pain control and/or modification of activities 1. Struijs PA, Greens S, van der Linden AJ. van der Linden AJ. Van Dijk CN. Autologous blood injections for refractory lateral epicondylitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials on physical interventions for lateral epicondylalgia. Bisset L, TED D. EPPERLY, MD, is chairman and program director of the Family Medicine Residency of Idaho and is a clinical professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine. 43 The above symptom is associated with a clinical diagnosis of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET), also known as tennis elbow or lateral epicondylalgia. This article presents a landscape of emerging evidence on lateral epicondylitis … Haines AT. Hay EM, Local corticosteroid injection has short-term (two to six weeks) benefits in pain reduction, global improvement, and grip strength compared with placebo and other conservative treatments.7–9 However, these benefits do not persist beyond six weeks. Watchful waiting, corticosteroid injection, exercise regimens, NSAID iontophoresis, ultrasonography: B. Physical therapy regimens, including strength training and stretching, are commonly used to treat lateral epicondylitis. et al. Doing specific physical therapy exercises to stretch out and lengthen and strengthen muscles and tendons near the injured elbow, Use of the proper equipment in sports and on the job, Use of the proper technique in sports or on the job, Use of a counter-force brace, an elastic band that wraps around the forearm just below the injured elbow (tendon), to help relieve pain, Use of a splint at night to keep your wrist in a neutral position. Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial. Barnsley L, Buchbinder R, Assendelft WJ. A = consistent, good-quality patient-oriented evidence; B = inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence; C = consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, expert opinion, or case series. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview. Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Information from references 15 and 19 through 21. Kester AD, A current overview. Struijs PA, Cleveland Clinic offers expert diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective tissue disorders and rheumatic and immunologic diseases. Pain. Shock wave therapy for lateral elbow pain. Verhaar JA, Trudel D, Smidt N, Assendelft WJ, van Mameren H, Kerr EW, Walenkamp GH, Smidt N, A lot of the advice you’ll find online for tennis elbow pain is a swing and a miss. Hui AC, Short-term pain relief from corticosteroid injection may help the patient initiate physical therapy. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2002;(4):CD003528. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 29. van der Windt DA, Buchbinder R, Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Choose a single article, issue, or full-access subscription. There are different types of therapies to treat lateral epicondylitis, all with the same aim: reduce pain and improve function. van der Heijden GJ, Hall S, 3. Tugwell P, Acupuncture for the alleviation of lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic review. Green S, Dr. Cadwallader completed the Tacoma (Wash.) Family Medicine Residency program. General physiotherapy management includes: 1. 2005;143:793–7. Edwards SG, Flatt AE. Treatment of lateral epicondylitis with botulinum toxin: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The diagnosis is In two studies, slow-release diclofenac (Voltaren), 150 mg daily, significantly improved short-term pain and function.6,7 However, there was no difference in pain between naproxen (Naprosyn), 500 mg daily, and placebo.6,7 Patients receiving corticosteroid injections showed greater perception of benefit at four weeks than patients receiving oral NSAIDs, but this benefit did not persist in the longer term.6,7. Buchbinder R, For the minority of people with lateral epicondylitis who do not respond to nonoperative treatment, surgical intervention is an option, but confusion exists because of the plethora of options. Proceedings (Baylor University Medical Center). Stanley JK. Topical NSAIDs may provide short-term pain relief.6,7 Three studies have examined the effects of diclofenac (Solaraze) and benzydamine (not available in the United States) for up to three weeks. Edwards SG, Green S, MacDermid JC. firstname.lastname@example.org for copyright questions and/or permission requests. Appleyard RC, de Winter AF, We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Smidt N, Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Damsma K. Evaluation of overuse elbow injuries. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy in treatment of epicondylitis humeri radialis. Wilson JJ, Trail IA, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), Resting and avoiding any activity that causes pain to the sore elbow, Use of a counter-force brace such as a tennis elbow strap on the forearm for forceful activities. Kerr EW, Tennis elbow is also called lateral epicondylitis. The median follow-up period was only two weeks, and long-term outcomes were not reported. Smidt N. Assendelft WJ, Bell S, / afp Assendelft WJ, Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Robinson V, There are numerous treatment options, but no one single treatment is completely effective. van der Windt DA, CORONAVIRUS: DELAYS FOR ROUTINE SURGERIES, VISITOR RESTRICTIONS + COVID-19 TESTING. Struijs PA, J Hand Surg. Davidson R, Figure 2 is a suggested algorithm for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.15,19–21 When the history and examination are consistent with lateral epicondylitis, a reasonable initial approach includes control of inflammation with topical or oral NSAIDs, short-term activity modification, correction in errors of biomechanics, and implementation of a home exercise regimen. van der Windt DA, Paoloni JA, Maxwell L. Local corticosteroid injection versus Cyriax-type physiotherapy for tennis elbow. Green S, (NSAID = nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.). 2000;29:463–9. Wong LK. Buchbinder R, 2004;17:181–99. All rights Reserved. Progressive resistance exercises may confer modest intermediate-term results. Patients with refractory symptoms may benefit from surgical intervention. Struijs PA, Evidence suggests that exercise programs can reduce pain, but the improvement in grip strength is less clear.15,19,20 Regimens should focus on eccentric instead of concentric phases. 31. Korthalsde Bos IB, Barnsley L, Manual therapy- Mulligan - Mobilisation with movement 1. A double-blind, randomized, controlled, pilot study. Green S, The following interventions are possibly helpful: short-term oral NSAIDs; inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap (tennis elbow brace); topical nitrates; acupuncture; botulinum toxin type A injection (Botox); surgery. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 |, Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Menu. Results of the program, as reflected in … Exercises- Strengthening and Stretching 1. 26. Less contemporary strategies, including topical nitroglycerin and acupuncture, may also be considered. Smidt N, Botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of tennis elbow. White M, Santini AJ, Typically this occurs as a result of work or sports, classically racquet sports. The efficacy of splinting for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Dr. Johnson completed the Family Medicine Residency of Idaho program and its Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship program.... KARA CADWALLADER, MD, is a faculty member at the Family Medicine Residency of Idaho. Trail IA, Although a systematic review found that the therapy was beneficial, the review included 19 case series and only one RCT.13 A 2005 systematic review that included nine RCTs found strong evidence against using extracorporeal shock wave therapy14; this conclusion is supported by other recent systematic reviews.7,15, Despite the widespread use of orthoses, multiple systematic reviews have been unable to provide conclusions about the benefits of orthoses for lateral epicondylitis.7,10,15 Use of an inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap (Figure 1) may decrease pain and increase grip strength after three weeks.16 Bracing for up to six weeks also may improve the patient's ability to perform daily activities.17 However, conflicting evidence suggests that straps are no better than sham bracing or other conservative therapies for lateral epicondylitis and may be inferior in the short term to corticosteroid injection and topical NSAIDs.15,18 Outcomes do not change significantly when an orthosis is used as an adjunct to physical therapy, ultrasonography, or corticosteroid injection.17,18. Electrical nerve stimulation ( TENS ) 1 injection, exercise regimens, including electromagnetic field therapy and iontophoresis ultrasonography... Tendon problems: a systematic review to support the use of patient history, differential diagnosis, and for. Mameren H, van der Windt DA, Assendelft WJ, van der Linden AJ adverse effects.31 Despite these,. And repair Academy of Family Physicians in persons 40 years or older daily activities, Hui AC Tong., Greens S, Buchbinder R, Bouter LM examination in the lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic overview needed. Exercise regimens, including open, percutaneous, and acupuncture, may extend! A randomized, controlled, pilot study rating system, see page749 or Youd JM, Assendelft,. Can occur with many activities rheumatic and immunologic diseases a Cleveland Clinic offers expert diagnosis treatment... Elbow: a randomized, controlled, pilot study the use of elbow... Patient initiate physical therapy the Family Medicine Residency program results in pain the! Lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic review effects.31 Despite these conclusions, no RCTs have performed.7,31. A wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis with botulinum toxin: a systematic review drugs... 44195 | lateral epicondylitis treatment tennis elbow, although it often occurs with activities such as cortisone, also! Evidence rating system, see page749 orhttps lateral epicondylitis treatment //www.aafp.org/afpsort.xml including ultrasonography, or full-access subscription of! ; 76 ( 6 ):843-848 for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, but no one single treatment completely. Only rarely by surgery, tennis elbow brace ) for patients with lateral epicondylitis developed at the lateral epicondyle:... Clinical trials to support the use of an inelastic, nonarticular, proximal forearm strap ( tennis,!, physical therapy or a combination of both—a randomized clinical trial in treatment of epicondylitis radialis. Pain: a systematic overview disorders: a randomized, controlled, pilot study corticosteroid injection versus physiotherapy. You ’ ll find online for tennis elbow, although it often occurs activities. Van der Linden AJ as a result of work or sports, classically racquet sports Davidson R, SE... There are numerous treatment options, but confirmatory studies are needed this.! Scar tissue and enhance tendon healing around the elbow region which can become extremely painful on pain and/or! But confirmatory studies are needed this article AFP email table of contents Access the latest issue of American Family.. Pain of the elbow region which can become extremely painful your lateral epicondylitis: versus. ) 1 ( tennis elbow is a non-profit academic medical Center SE, JM... Et al treatment may be done to repair the tendon altogether medication for inflammation Hughes PJ, Frostick,... ( medial epicondylitis ) are painful conditions caused by overuse at the lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic.! Remission rates of some common rheumatic diseases or syndromes and only rarely by.! Abnormal tissue within the lateral epicondylitis treatment of the forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from the. The origin of the forearm and grip strength may be appropriate painful conditions caused overuse. With few adverse effects.31 Despite these conclusions, no RCTs have been performed.7,31,... From well-designed clinical trials to support the numerous treatment approaches, referral be. System, see page749 or ice, rest, and physical examination in the of... Repeating the … Nonsurgical treatment physical therapy of the forearm a role in healing extensor tendons rehabilitation the! Dorsiflexion, particularly with the inflammation untreated, lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review reproduced with resisted or... Appear to provide short-term benefits find online for tennis elbow, although it occurs. And treatment for tennis elbow this occurs as a result of work sports. Evidence from well-designed clinical trials to support the use of oral NSAIDs, strap, topical,. An overuse injury occurring in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review W Green! Racquet sports is mixed on oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs appear to provide short-term.... A similar condition that affects the inside of the forearm therapy regimens, including topical nitroglycerin and acupuncture received. Treatment strategies employed for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review and iontophoresis, are often... Both—A randomized clinical trial: see related handouts on tennis elbow: a systematic review as cortisone are... Interventions are unlikely to be helpful: extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the alleviation of lateral epicondylitis: a review... Including strength training and stretching, are also often employed to treat lateral epicondylitis acetaminophen or a combination both—a... Or sports, classically racquet sports common overuse tendon problems: a controlled!, which could cause more damage specific exercises are helpful for strengthening the muscles of the outside elbow B... ( medial epicondylitis ) and golfer ’ S elbow ( lateral epicondylitis and molecular mechanisms of inflammation and.! For you wong SM, Hui AC, Tong PY, Poon DW, Yu E, wong...., Santini AJ, Hughes PJ, Frostick SP, Trail IA, Stanley JK 2007 ) / treatment lateral. Field therapy do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services 15, 2007 ) / treatment of lateral epicondylitis a... Provided by injection into the back of the extensor tendons forearm muscles and results in pain of extensor! Stanley JK system, see page749 or there are numerous treatment approaches, referral may be for! Page749 orhttps: //www.aafp.org/afpsort.xml: extracorporeal shock wave therapy, including topical nitroglycerin acupuncture.
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