After an earlier period during which the Algerian government tried to phase out French, in recent decades the government has backtracked and reinforced the study of French, and some television programs are broadcast in the language. Each region of the Maghreb contained several tribes (for example, Sanhadja, Houara, Zenata, Masmouda, Kutama, Awarba, and Berghwata). Finally, the staïfi music is born in Sétif and remains a unique style of its kind. Alpha-3 code. Spain took control of few coastal towns like Mers el Kebir in 1505; Oran in 1509; and Tlemcen, Mostaganem and Ténès in 1510. Boumediene's successor, Chadli Bendjedid, introduced some liberal economic reforms. The UN also uses 3-letter codes, and numerical codes to identify nations, and those are shown above. Algiers lost from 30,000 to 50,000 inhabitants to the plague in 1620–21, and suffered high fatalities in 1654–57, 1665, 1691 and 1740–42. Precipitation is heaviest in the northern part of eastern Algeria, where it reaches as much as 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in some years. I guess it’s because the original name of Algeria is “Dzair” and this is what we-algerians- call it. As a result, the agha charged the pasha with corruption and incompetence and seized power in 1659.  At the outset of the 20th century, its population was approximately four million. The Middle Ages have known many Arabic writers who revolutionized the Arab world literature, with authors like Ahmad al-Buni, Ibn Manzur and Ibn Khaldoun, who wrote the Muqaddimah while staying in Algeria, and many others. To the north, the Tell Atlas form with the Saharan Atlas, further south, two parallel sets of reliefs in approaching eastbound, and between which are inserted vast plains and highlands.  According to the constitution, no political association may be formed if it is "based on differences in religion, language, race, gender, profession, or region". Fearing the election of an Islamist government, the authorities intervened on 11 January 1992, cancelling the elections. Horne estimated Algerian casualties during the span of eight years to be around 700,000. Giving incentives and rewarding best performers, as well as offering funds in a faster and more flexible manner, are the two main principles underlying the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) that came into force in 2014. The pasha was assisted by janissaries, known in Algeria as the ojaq and led by an agha.  The influx of Bedouin tribes was a major factor in the linguistic, cultural Arabization of the Maghreb and in the spread of nomadism in areas where agriculture had previously been dominant. Country. Most of the population is Arab-Berber, practicing Islam and using the official languages of Arabic and Berber. The Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), a splinter group of the Armed Islamic Group, continued a terrorist campaign against the Government. DZ is the two-letter country abbreviation for Algeria. List Of Country & Dialing Codes. Apart from the 122 private schools, the Universities of the State are free of charge.  They succeeded in obtaining control of much of Carthage's North African territory, and they minted coins bearing the name Libyan, used in Greek to describe natives of North Africa.  About 80% of Indigenous schools were constructed for Kabyles.  Most of Algeria's weapons are imported from Russia, with whom they are a close ally. In 2008, new programs at the elementary appeared, therefore the compulsory schooling does not start at the age of six anymore, but at the age of five. Increasingly, women are contributing more to household income than men. The U.S. Energy Information Administration reported that in 2005, Algeria had 4.5 trillion cubic metres (160×10^12 cu ft) of proven natural-gas reserves. Algeria (native name: الجزائر) is a country located in Northern Africa. In the 1960s and 1970s under President Houari Boumediene, Algeria pursued a program of industrialisation within a state-controlled socialist economy. The calling chart above will help you find the dialing codes you need to make long distance phone calls to friends, … Ben Bella was overthrown in 1965 by Houari Boumédiène, his former ally and defence minister. The best 'Algeria Country Code' images and discussions of November 2020. Making a call with the wrong country, area, or region code can be costly. 28.1% of Algerians are under the age of 15. In 2016 a number of unions, many of which were involved in the 2010–2012 Algerian Protests, have been deregistered by the government. Modern music is available in several facets, Raï music is a style typical of western Algeria. At the end of the third year of secondary school, students pass the exam of the baccalaureate, which allows once it is successful to pursue graduate studies in universities and institutes. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast. Marketed and home-made bread products include varieties such as Kessra or Khmira or Harchaya, chopsticks and so-called washers Khoubz dar or Matloue. Elected politicians have relatively little sway over Algeria. The Algeria national football team qualified for the 1982 FIFA World Cup, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 2010 FIFA World Cup and 2014 FIFA World Cup.  Caliphates from Northern Africa traded with the other empires of their time, as well as forming part of a confederated support and trade network with other Islamic states during the Islamic Era. In 2008, 11.2 million Algerians could read and write in French. This industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghreb between 15,000 and 10,000 BC. Browse our sites area and region codes by region and city to ensure you have the correct information for your calls. Ibn Khaldun provides a table summarising the Amazigh dynasties of the Maghreb region, the Zirid, Banu Ifran, Maghrawa, Almoravid, Hammadid, Almohad, Merinid, Abdalwadid, Wattasid, Meknassa and Hafsid dynasties.. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the southeast by Niger, to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Saharan territory, to the west by Morocco, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. DZA Alpha-3.dz TLD. In mid-2013, AARC had already supported a total of 78 films, including 42 feature films, 6 short films and 30 documentaries. Algeria has 26 universities and 67 institutions of higher education, which must accommodate a million Algerians and 80,000 foreign students in 2008.  The war uprooted more than 2 million Algerians. , Several Amazigh dynasties emerged during the Middle Ages in the Maghreb and other nearby lands. Country Codes, Phone Codes, Dialing Codes, Telephone Codes, ISO Country Codes. The two first letters were chosen to define the country code for Algeria. As a consequence, French government favored the Kabyles. , In 2011, the agricultural sector and services recorded growth of 10% and 5.3%, respectively. The second Algerian Medalist was Alain Mimoun in 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. The military of Algeria consists of the People's National Army (ANP), the Algerian National Navy (MRA), and the Algerian Air Force (QJJ), plus the Territorial Air Defence Forces. The indigenous cultural and religious resistance heavily opposed this tendency, but in contrast to the other colonised countries' path in central Asia and Caucasus, Algeria kept its individual skills and a relatively human-capital intensive agriculture.. This example will assist you call Algeria (DZA) : Find the AG Country Code (213) using our database. How to dial to Algeria cellular: Algeria's first president was the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) leader Ahmed Ben Bella.  Two weeks earlier another pirate ship from Salé in Morocco had also raided in Iceland. A species of deer, the Barbary stag, inhabits the dense humid forests in the north-eastern areas. Estimates of the Christian population range from 60,000 to 200,000. This life, richly depicted in the Tassili n'Ajjer paintings, predominated in Algeria until the classical period. E.164 code (s) +93.  The introduction of broad-sail ships from the beginning of the 17th century allowed them to branch out into the Atlantic. On 24 February 2011, the government lifted Algeria's 19-year-old state of emergency. This country code 213 allows you to call Algeria from other countries. Other Algerian singers of the diaspora include Manel Filali in Germany and Kenza Farah in France. Many of the creatures comprising the Algerian wildlife live in close proximity to civilisation.  Current time & time zone in Algeria; The UN also uses 3-letter codes, and numerical codes to identify nations, and those are shown above. In 1957 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. In 2009, the French government agreed to compensate victims of nuclear tests in Algeria.  In 2016 Algeria used 2.4 global hectares of biocapacity per person - their ecological footprint of consumption. The French government aimed at making Algeria an assimilated part of France, and this included substantial educational investments especially after 1900. , In November 2008, the Algerian Constitution was amended following a vote in Parliament, removing the two-term limit on Presidential incumbents. The school offers two programs: general or technical.  They also did a brisk business in ransoming some of the captives. Oil extraction facilities were nationalised. But, he relied much more on the army for his support, and reduced the sole legal party to a symbolic role. The historic roots of Algerian literature go back to the Numidian and Roman African era, when Apuleius wrote The Golden Ass, the only Latin novel to survive in its entirety. It is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC, the United Nations, and the Arab Maghreb Union, of which it is a founding member. Merguez sausage is widely used in Algeria, but it differs, depending on the region and on the added spices. The Algerian state's interest in film-industry activities can be seen in the annual budget of DZD 200 million (EUR 1.3 million) allocated to production, specific measures and an ambitious programme plan implemented by the Ministry of Culture in order to promote national production, renovate the cinema stock and remedy the weak links in distribution and exploitation. Today Algeria contains, in its literary landscape, big names having not only marked the Algerian literature, but also the universal literary heritage in Arabic and French. 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