, Homosexuality is illegal in Algeria. Why not bookmark this page and tell a friend about this site for the next time they need to lookup an area code or international dialing code. The Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), a splinter group of the Armed Islamic Group, continued a terrorist campaign against the Government. , Algeria, whose economy is reliant on petroleum, has been an OPEC member since 1969.  During this period, a small but influential French-speaking indigenous elite was formed, made up of Berbers, mostly Kabyles. Algeria country codes are followed by these area codes. Please find all the Algeria phone codes you could need below. Algeria has struggled to develop industries outside hydrocarbons in part because of high costs and an inert state bureaucracy. Among the most important universities, there are the University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, the University of Mentouri Constantine, and University of Oran Es-Senia. nic.dz.  Service in the military is compulsory for men aged 19–30, for a total of 12 months. This country code 213 allows you to call Algeria from other countries. Get Algiers's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Subsequently, with the institution of a regular Ottoman administration, governors with the title of pasha ruled for three-year terms. It has a budget of €15.4 billion and provides the bulk of funding through a number of programmes. The UN also uses 3-letter codes, and numerical codes to identify nations, and those are shown above. ", "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað gerðist í Tyrkjaráninu? They succeeded in conquering Jijel and Algiers from the Spaniards but eventually assumed control over the city and the surrounding region, forcing the previous ruler, Abu Hamo Musa III of the Bani Ziyad dynasty, to flee. Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa, supplying large amounts of natural gas to Europe. Sidaoui, Riadh (2009). Political parties developed, such as the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), a broad coalition of Muslim groups. I guess it’s because the original name of Algeria is “Dzair” and this is what we-algerians- call it. How to dial to Algeria cellular: Estimates of the Christian population range from 60,000 to 200,000. The International dialing code calculator will show how to dial to Algeria – Algiers from any location in the world, with local area codes, trunk prefixes and international country codes The University of Abou Bekr Belkaïd in Tlemcen and University of Batna Hadj Lakhdar occupy the 26th and 45th row in Africa.. The Algeria country code 213 will allow you to call Algeria from another country. The French government aimed at making Algeria an assimilated part of France, and this included substantial educational investments especially after 1900. Algeria is also designated by serval country codes such DZ and DZA. Algeria is divided into 58 provinces (wilayas), 553 districts (daïras) and 1,541 municipalities (baladiyahs). Barbary pirates often attacked the Balearic Islands. In Al-Tāghrībāt the Amazigh Zirid Hero Khālīfā Al-Zānatī asks daily, for duels, to defeat the Hilalan hero Ābu Zayd al-Hilalī and many other Arab knights in a string of victories. , Barbary raids in the Mediterranean continued to attack Spanish merchant shipping, and as a result, the Spanish Navy bombarded Algiers in 1783 and 1784. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast. Each region of the Maghreb contained several tribes (for example, Sanhadja, Houara, Zenata, Masmouda, Kutama, Awarba, and Berghwata). Some 99% of Algerians living in urban areas, but only 82% of those living in rural areas, had access to "improved sanitation". Its crude oil production stands at around 1.1 million barrels/day, but it is also a major gas producer and exporter, with important links to Europe. , Dubai-based conglomerate Emarat Dzayer Group said it had signed a joint venture agreement to develop a $1.6 billion steel factory in Algeria. The grape vine is indigenous to the coast. Country code guide are providing you a detailed information on country & area codes in Algeria, you find that most people have a series of two digits from their phone number in DZ (for example, +213). Apart from the 122 private schools, the Universities of the State are free of charge. Algeria won the Palme d'Or for Chronicle of the Years of Fire (1975), two Oscars for Z (1969), and other awards for the Italian-Algerian movie The Battle of Algiers. In the Revolt of the Mercenaries, Berber soldiers rebelled from 241 to 238 BC after being unpaid following the defeat of Carthage in the First Punic War. The two main branches were the Botr and Barnès tribes, who were divided into tribes, and again into sub-tribes. 213 - Country Code for Algeria; Phone Number (remove initial 0): fixed - 8 digits including area code; cell phones - 9 digits; VoIP and VSAT phones - 9 digits, first two digits are 98 and 96 respectively; sample call from US to a landline in Algiers: 011 213 21 ?? Almost all of this population left during the war of independence or immediately after its end.. Alpha-3 code. , Between 90,000 and 165,000 Sahrawis from Western Sahara live in the Sahrawi refugee camps, in the western Algerian Sahara desert. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the southeast by Niger, to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Saharan territory, to the west by Morocco, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It has the highest Human Development Index of all non-island African countries and one of the largest economies on the continent, based largely on energy exports. Map view Geographical center of Algeria. The most commonly seen animals include the wild boars, jackals, and gazelles, although it is not uncommon to spot fennecs (foxes), and jerboas. This country code 213 allows you to call Algeria from other countries. Modern music is available in several facets, Raï music is a style typical of western Algeria. "Islamic Politics and the Military – Algeria 1962–2008". There are several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria including Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, the first capital of the Hammadid empire; Tipasa, a Phoenician and later Roman town; and Djémila and Timgad, both Roman ruins; M'Zab Valley, a limestone valley containing a large urbanized oasis; and the Casbah of Algiers, an important citadel. After negligible resistance from the locals, Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate conquered Algeria in the early 8th century.  Inflation, the lowest in the region, has remained stable at 4% on average between 2003 and 2007. By the early 4th century BC, Berbers formed the single largest element of the Carthaginian army. Between the Nile and the Red Sea were living Bedouin tribes expelled from Arabia for their disruption and turbulent influence, both Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym among others, whose presence disrupted farmers in the Nile Valley since the nomads would often loot. Despite a decline in total unemployment, youth and women unemployment is high. After sunset, however, the clear, dry air permits rapid loss of heat, and the nights are cool to chilly. In keeping with this policy, the government maintains an immunization program. Russia is also building two 636-type diesel submarines for Algeria. The new leader received the title of Dey. The military of Algeria consists of the People's National Army (ANP), the Algerian National Navy (MRA), and the Algerian Air Force (QJJ), plus the Territorial Air Defence Forces. Under Ben Bella, the government had become increasingly socialist and authoritarian; Boumédienne continued this trend. , The Hoggar Mountains (Arabic: جبال هقار), also known as the Hoggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, southern Algeria. Algeria's first president was the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) leader Ahmed Ben Bella. E.164 code (s) +93. Spain took control of few coastal towns like Mers el Kebir in 1505; Oran in 1509; and Tlemcen, Mostaganem and Ténès in 1510. Finally, the staïfi music is born in Sétif and remains a unique style of its kind. , Since the 1970s, in a centralised system that was designed to significantly reduce the rate of illiteracy, the Algerian government introduced a decree by which school attendance became compulsory for all children aged between 6 and 15 years who have the ability to track their learning through the 20 facilities built since independence, now the literacy rate is around 78.7%. Each province, district, and municipality is named after its seat, which is usually the largest city. In general, the country exported $73 billion worth of commodities while it imported $46 billion. Morocco's claim to portions of western Algeria led to the Sand War in 1963. Algeria was the site of the highest state of development of Middle Paleolithic Flake tool techniques. Algeria – Country Code 213. After Masinissa's death in 148 BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times. The Zirids, however, were ultimately defeated ushering in an adoption of Arab customs and culture. It is administered by Network Internet Center. The financial support provided by the state, through the Fund for the Development of the Arts, Techniques and the Film Industry (FDATIC) and the Algerian Agency for Cultural Influence (AARC), plays a key role in the promotion of national production.  About 80% of Indigenous schools were constructed for Kabyles. Algeria.  The government enacted legislation dealing with political parties, the electoral code, and the representation of women in elected bodies. of the last 90 days. IOC country code. On 3 July 1940, the British Royal Navy attacked the French Navy's fleet at Mers El Kébir, killing nearly 1,300 men, with the goal of preventing the French warships from falling into German hands. In 2002, Algeria had inadequate numbers of physicians (1.13 per 1,000 people), nurses (2.23 per 1,000 people), and dentists (0.31 per 1,000 people). Country Codes, Phone Codes, Dialing Codes, Telephone Codes, ISO Country Codes. , The Algerian parliament is bicameral; the lower house, the People's National Assembly, has 462 members who are directly elected for five-year terms, while the upper house, the Council of the Nation, has 144 members serving six-year terms, of which 96 members are chosen by local assemblies and 48 are appointed by the president.  Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. For several centuries Algeria was ruled by the Romans, who founded many colonies in the region.  For the attack in 1784, the Spanish fleet was to be joined by ships from such traditional enemies of Algiers as Naples, Portugal and the Knights of Malta. Total military personnel include 147,000 active, 150,000 reserve, and 187,000 paramilitary staff (2008 estimate). Alpha-2 code.  Public homosexual behavior is punishable by up to two years in prison. , Indigenous Berbers as well as Phoenicians, Romans, Byzantine Greeks, Arabs, Turks, various Sub-Saharan Africans, and French have contributed to the history of Algeria. According to the European Audiovisual Observatory's LUMIERE database, 41 Algerian films were distributed in Europe between 1996 and 2013; 21 films in this repertoire were Algerian-French co-productions. October 20, 2020 was the day with the highest activity due to 15 reports for phone numbers with the country code +213. This period had also known Augustine of Hippo, Nonius Marcellus and Martianus Capella, among many others.  It also ranks 16th in oil reserves. The war had killed approximately 825,000 indigenous Algerians since 1830. The high point of Berber civilization, unequaled until the coming of the Almohads and Almoravids more than a millennium later, was reached during the reign of Masinissa in the 2nd century BC. The then Fatimid vizier devised to relinquish control of the Maghreb and obtained the agreement of his sovereign. In 2016 a number of unions, many of which were involved in the 2010–2012 Algerian Protests, have been deregistered by the government. 60% of university students are women, according to university researchers. IOC country code. The Islamist militants conducted a violent campaign of civilian massacres. Making a call with the wrong country, area, or region code can be costly. In the 1960s and 1970s under President Houari Boumediene, Algeria pursued a program of industrialisation within a state-controlled socialist economy. Schedule & Manage Pickups. Snakes, monitor lizards, and numerous other reptiles can be found living among an array of rodents throughout the semi arid regions of Algeria. The most powerful man might have been Mohamed Mediène, the head of military intelligence, before he was brought down during the 2019 protests. Currently, a part of Algerian writers tends to be defined in a literature of shocking expression, due to the terrorism that occurred during the 1990s, the other party is defined in a different style of literature who staged an individualistic conception of the human adventure. Camels are used extensively; the desert also abounds with venomous and nonvenomous snakes, scorpions, and numerous insects. In 2008, 11.2 million Algerians could read and write in French. Algiers lost from 30,000 to 50,000 inhabitants to the plague in 1620–21, and suffered high fatalities in 1654–57, 1665, 1691 and 1740–42. Among the dishes known, couscous, chorba, rechta, chakhchoukha, berkoukes, shakshouka, mthewem, chtitha, mderbel, dolma, brik or bourek, garantita, lham'hlou, etc.  Colloquial Algerian Arabic is spoken by about 72% of the population and Berber by 27–30%. Boumediene's successor, Chadli Bendjedid, introduced some liberal economic reforms. Rainfall is fairly plentiful along the coastal part of the Tell Atlas, ranging from 400 to 670 mm (15.7 to 26.4 in) annually, the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. , Thanks to strong hydrocarbon revenues, Algeria has a cushion of $173 billion in foreign currency reserves and a large hydrocarbon stabilization fund. After nine years of primary school, students can go to the high school or to an educational institution. , Access to biocapacity in Algeria is lower than world average.  Berbers and Berber-speaking Algerians are divided into many groups with varying languages. Historians, like Alistair Horne and Raymond Aron, state that the actual number of Algerian Muslim war dead was far greater than the original FLN and official French estimates but was less than the 1 million deaths claimed by the Algerian government after independence. The undisputed master of this music is El Hadj M'Hamed El Anka. 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