Leo I also built the parecclesion of the Hagia Soros to house the holy mantle and robe of the Virgin that had been brought from Palestine to Constantinople in 473. The Church of the Holy Apostles (Greek: Ἅγιοι Ἀπόστολοι, Agioi Apostoloi; Turkish: Havariyyun Kilisesi), also known as the Imperial Polyándreion (imperial cemetery), was a Greek Eastern Orthodox church in Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire.The first structure dates to the 4th century, though future emperors would add to and improve upon it. The Church of Constantinople is traditionally regarded as being founded by St. Andrew, the “first-called” of the Apostles. 381, nos. At the time of the first church’s construction, Istanbul was known as Constantinople, taking its name from Constantius’ father, Constantine I, the first ruler of the Byzantine Empire. The main church of Constantinople was the famous Hagia Sophia, the Church of the Divine Wisdom.It was built near an older Christian sanctuary, the Church of Divine Peace or S. Irene.The two shrines were also called "the old church" and "the new church", for example in the Notitia Urbis Constaninopolianae.. Constantine's church (SECOND GENERAL COUNCIL.) The church of the Divine Wisdom. Constantinople’s political, cultural, and intellectual life was active, encouraged by a high level of literacy among both men and women at various levels of society. The Chora Church in Constantinople (museum and from today a mosque) is the most important monument of the Palaeologan period and due to its unique iconographic program one, of the most important artistic creations of Byzantine art. The term "Byzantine Church," as used here, designates exclusively the official Church of and in the Byzantine Empire from the death of Justinian (565) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), and does not cover its Slavic offshoots nor the Melkite patriarchates of Antioch and Alexandria. This council was called in May, 381, by Emperor Theodosius, to provide for a Catholic succession in the patriarchal See of Constantinople, to confirm the Nicene Faith, to reconcile the semi-Arians with the Church, and to put an end to the Macedonian heresy.. The church was completed and embellished further by the Emperor Leo I (457-474), who added the Hagiasma (fountain of holy water) and the Hagion Lousma (sacred bath). A magnificent city with grand buildings, palaces, markets, and churches surrounded by walls, Constantinople grew to perhaps 100,000 by the end of Constantine’s reign (AD 337). The patriarch was usually appointed by Antioch. The 3rd canon of the Second Ecumenical Council held in Constantinople (381) conferred upon the bishop of this city second rank after the Bishop of Rome. The cathedral church of Constantinople, Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom), was the center of religious life in the eastern Christian world. For truly, there is … With the development of the hierarchical structure of the Church, the bishop of Constantinople came to be styled as exarch (a position superior to metropolitan). Constantinople was recognized as the first patriarchate at the First Council of Constantinople in 381, after Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome. BYZANTINE CHURCH, HISTORY OF. https://www.oca.org/directories/world-churches/the-church-of-constantinople Originally it was only a council of the Orient; the arguments of Baronius (ad an. Coordinates. It was converted to a mosque by the Turks and is now used as a museum. Hagia Sophia (Άγια Σοφία in Greek), the Church of Holy Wisdom, known variously as Sancta Sophia in Latin or Ayasofya in Turkish, is an ancient cathedral of the Church of Constantinople located in modern-day Istanbul, Turkey. Like ever monastic and, indeed, like the martyric witness of the Holy Mother Church of Constantinople, your path will be the Way of the Cross.
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