These stories are called myths (short for mythology, or stories about gods.) There are different accounts of Delphyne in Greek mythology. When he was a baby, ants would climb up the […], Medea is the daughter of King Aeetes of Colchis. Their name directly means “hundred-handed ones” because they each had a hundred hands. He was born from the blood of Medusa, a frightful Gorgon whose gaze could turn men to stone, when the hero Perseus decapitated her. Welcome to Myths and Legends. It existed from the beginning of the universe. Perseus' myths are full of gods, creatures, and monsters that you might see in a number of Hollywood movies and television shows. Greek citizens believed that Titans ruled the Earth long ago. In the Greek dramatic festivals, the tragedies frequently centered on one or another member of this royal house. They include profound human truths and the basics of western culture. She is a sorceress who marries the hero Jason. The island forms part of the separate regional units among the Greek Ionian Islands as part of the Ionian Islands region and the regionâs only municipality. The nectar of the gods was a drink with magical properties. The island was also mentioned in Homerâs epic poem, The Odyssey, when one of the characters says that he spent a year there, lured by Circe, on his voyage back to his home in Ithaca. This is actually the myth of the ancient Greeks to explain the change of the seasons, the eternal cycle of nature's death and rebirth. The saying “the eyes of Argus” refers to being watched closely or followed by the eyes. Crete was already inhabited by 7,000 BCE, but for the first few thousands of years, Cretans were most likely early farmers, forming villages […], An advanced settlement and independent city-state, Delphi was the primary and most distinguished sacred site in Ancient Greece. In other words, Talos can loosely be equated to the representation of a bronze robot in Greek mythology. The Titans and the Olympians inevitably came into conflict, called the Titanomachy. He was the son of the goddess Ida and an unnamed satyr and loved pleasure and wealth. Arion was endowed with both eternal life and the ability to speak. The Golden Fleece: 3. Animated Aesops Fables - All your favourites to choose, from Penguin publishers His role is deeply connected with music, which started the day he found an aulos, similar to a modern day flute. Read 31 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The shield is best known for its intricate designs. The entire city-state was organized to maximize its military capabilities. By some accounts Arion was born from a union of the Sea god Poseidon in the form of a stallion and the Earth goddess Demeter in […], Ash Tree Nymphs, also known as Meliae, were born from the blood of Uranus when he was castrated by his son, the Titan Cronus. In the world of Greek mythology, Nessus was one of the centaurs. Greek Mythology offers educational information on all Greek Gods, Greek Goddesses and Myths of Ancient Greece. Located in central Greece, Delphi was built atop of Mount Parnassos. Odysseus, […], Sparta was a city-state in ancient Greece. With that action, he started the series of events that led to the destruction of his homeland Troy, which, in turn, led to the flight of Aeneas and the founding of Troy. In ancient Greek mythology, Argus Panoptes is a giant who had many eyes. 3 Greek Mythology Hephaestus claimed […], In Ancient Greek Mythology, nectar is the drink of gods and goddesses who lived on Mount Olympus, the mythical home of many of the deities. On the Greek side, the Trojan War led to disruption in the House of Atreus. Given this reputation, Sparta led all of the combined Greek armies in the war against the Persians in the early 400s B.C. The jealous wife cursed […], The Story of Marsyas Marsyas was a Satyr, which in Greek mythology refers to a man with horse ears and a horsetail, who hailed from Phrygia. Cerberus: The three Headed Dog of Greek Mythology There are many unique creatures mentioned in Greek mythology. The myth of Persephone, the sweet daughter of Greek goddess Demeter who was kidnapped by Hades and later became the Queen of the Underworld, is known all over the world. Capturing the boar alive was one of the Twelve Labors faced by demigod hero Heracles at the request of King Eurystheus. The Underworld […], Located in the Boeotia region of central Greece, Thebes is a city steeped in the ancient Greek myths and its gods. There are no stories concerning Laelaps parentage, but there are some who suggest that it is the same dog that […], Ancient writers described Lamia, the daughter of Poseidon, as a ” queen of surpassing beauty.” It was her attractive appearance that led to her unfortunate future. No […], In the Greek Mythology, the Ceryneian Hind was an enormous female deer that was believed to have lived in the region of Keryneia. Chaos was not a god, so much as an elemental force, a force made of itself alone and not composed of anything else. Greek Legends and Myths MEDUSA IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY Arguably Medusa is the most famous villainess and monster of Greek mythology, for Medusa was the monster with hair of snakes and a stony gaze encountered by the hero Perseus. Homerâs The Iliad and Hesiodâs poem Theogony are some of the oldest writings to feature her, and have therefore been influential in shaping Echidnaâs modern narrative. Greek Myths and Legends Greek mythology is the various myths first told by the ancient Greeks. A visit to Mount Olympus will give a magnificent view since it is the tallest mountain in Greece. The Nemean Lion Legends in Greek mythology described a ferocious lion which resided in the vicinity of the […], Tauris is located in modern Crimea. Most of what we know of those terrific battles between Greeks and Trojans have been attributed to the 8th century Greek poet Homer. This site is for pupils, teachers and all those who enjoy stories and storytelling. Characters like the brilliant Daedalus, strong Theseus, evil King Minos and his beautiful daughter Ariadne all make an appearance in this story. Minotaur: 2. King Aegeus assumed the child was his own, and in the months preceding the birth of Theseus, he gave instructions to Aethra […], In Greek Mythology, Apollo was the God of Light, and it was his job to pull the sun across the sky in his 4-horse chariot every day. In Greek mythology, Aulis […], Calydon was ancient city located in Greece roughly seven miles west of the Evenus river and east of modern MesolÃ³ngion. The serpent was placed by Gaea as a guardian of Delphi. The Greek god Hermes was the great-grandson of the Titans Sky (Uranos/Ouranos) and Earth (Gaia), who were also his great-great-grandparents and his great-great-great grandparents. These hands also had great strength. There were 12 Olympians in Greek mythology, although several had multiple names. They stole food from their victims and […], Who are the Hecatoncheires creatures in Greek mythology? Titans in Greek Mythology. They thought that the Titans ruler was Coronus. Ambrosiaâs origins, however, are rooted in Greek mythology. Based on various Greek tales, the Ceryneian Hind was considered sacred and was associated with the hunt goddess Artemis. There […], If you have an interest in Greek Mythology, you have probably read or heard about Laelaps, an ancient Greek mythical dog. Hercules (Heracles or Herakles) was immensely popular to the ancient Greeks and Romans and continues to be popular in the modern world. Not only is it a dessert salad made of fruits and marshmallows, but itâs also a word used to describe delicious food. In Greek mythology, Centaurs (or Kentauroi) are half-man, half horse creatures that inhabited the mountains and forests of Thessaly. Compra The Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome (Large Print). Troy was the battleground in which the […], According to Greek mythology, Theseus was the son of Aethra, yet his father was unknown. Those stories become central to their operation. At the time, Aethra supposedly had two suitors; King Aegeus of Athens, and Poseidon, God of the Sea. She was the goddess of wisdom and knowledge of Greeks. | 30 Nov 2007. He has also been referred to as the God of music, poetry, art, medicine, knowledge, plague and archery. Study and Learn Greek Mythology with our free online lessons and e-courses. (Even today, the name “chimaera” sometimes refers to a genetic puzzle.) This region of mountains and rocky cliff faces included some difficult to traverse terrain. 4.5 out of 5 stars 47. Before man discovered all we know today about the stars and planets, they used the constellations to tell a story. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. The first few generations of named forces in Greek mythology grew progressively more like humans: The Titans were the children of Gaia (Ge 'Earth') and Uranus (Ouranos 'Sky')âthe Earth and Sky, and based on Mount Othrys. The […], In Greek mythology, the Shirt of Nessus was a mythological element associated with the hero Heracles. They believed a number of significant events had occurred here. The overall land area of the place is 1,981 kilometers squared. Ambrosia: A Nymph That Turned Into Food According to Greek legend, in the beginning, Ambrosia was […], While most ancient cultures were taught to fear their gods, the Greeks tried to make their gods relatable by giving them human-like qualities. Around 700 BC, the poet Hesiod Theogony wrote the first Greek story about the beginning of time: it The war took 10 years and his return trip another 10, but Odysseus made it back safely to a family that was, oddly, still waiting for him. This location held great importance for people in the ancient world. The concept of the labyrinth, or the endless underground maze, also originates […], Who is the Greek creature Nessus? The creatures this … Hers is a cautionary tale about pride that we can all learn from. Python was a child of Gaea who was “Mother Earth” in the mythology. By Josh Manley; 2 Greek Mythology. Greek mythology has changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their culture, of which mythology, both overtly and in its unspoken assumptions, is an index of the changes. She vowed to be celibate her entire life as a priestess of Athena until she fell in love with Poseidon. In Greek mythology, Python was also a tough serpent. Colchis contained the fertile valleys along the Phasis River. Show Myths and Legends, Ep 202-Greek Myths: Dead Poets Society - Oct 27, 2020 Our super spooky, terrifying Halloween episode that's definitely not a lighthearted romp where a Greek god makes a podcast, trick-or-treats as Hercules, and emcees a poetry competition. He is also rumored to have created the Isthmian Games, a competition featuring athletic and musical feats. Check out our new guide: Who's Who of the Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses The Arachne is a creature from Greek mythology, whose name was later used for words like “arachnid” and “arachnophobia.” There’s very little to fear about the story of Arachne, however. It was either the hide (or skin) of an animal or a shield made from the skin of a goat, and it sometimes had the head of a Gorgon, a monster along the lines of Medusa. Only a few of those enchanting tales are listed here, so why not dig deeper and uncover more of these fascinating ancient Greek stories? To punish mankind, Zeus sent the evils of the world in a pretty package and loosed on that world by Pandora. It […], Ambrosia has several different meanings in todayâs world. The Legends and Myths of Athena, Goddess of Wisdom and Knowledge Athena is the name behind the city of Athens. The ten year battle of the immortals was won by the Olympians, but the Titans did leave a mark on ancient history: the giant holding the world on his shoulders, Atlas, is a Titan. Depictions of Silenus Often, Silenus […], Emerging from the resonances of the industrious cultural developments of the Bronze Age, the Greek mythological creature Talos is the embodiment of a metallic automaton in humanoid form. It was believed that the Amazons lived in Themiscyra near the Black Sea. Temporarily suspended. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome Author: E.M. Berens Release Date: August 23, 2007 [EBook #22381] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK MYTHS AND LEGENDS … Each storyteller told the stories in their own way, but whatever power and personality a god had was consistent from story to … Some artists drew Sirens that had bodies of birds with the heads of women, while others made them look like women […], In Greek mythology, the aegis was an item of protection used mainly by Zeus, the god of gods. The Greeks had their own version of the great flood myth and the subsequent need to repopulate the Earth. Build on your child's KS2 knowledge of legends and myths with these fun activities! Stories about the ancient Greek gods are still told today. The Trojan War provides the background for much of both Greek and Roman literature. This Introduction to Greek Mythology provides some of these background features. Hercules also rid the world of horrible evils. It was and […], An ancient port-city in central Greece, Aulis held a strategically significant position in the region of Boeotia. According to Greek mythology, "in the beginning was Chaos," and nothing more. During the play, Iphigenia, the daughter of a leader of the Trojan war named Agamemnon, was going to be […], The Underworld was a place hidden deep underground where the souls of the dead went for eternity. These wars were between the Titans, the older […], © Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2020 | About | Contact | Privacy, Lamia – The Child-Devouring Queen – Ancient Greek Creature – Monster, The Phoenix – Mysterious Mythological Creature, Ambrosia – Ancient Greek Mythical Element, The Shirt of Nessus – Ancient Greek Mythological Element, Delphi – Home to the Oracles of Ancient Greece, Thebes – An Ancient and Mythological City. The alternative name for Lycia, which appears in some Greek myths, is âLukka Lands.â The people who lived in Lycia in ancient times were linked to the Sea […], Mount Olympus was the home and meeting place of all the gods and is an actual place in Greece. A TO Z OF GREEK MYTHOLOGY - I. Iapetus – Titan god, son of Ouranus and Gaia, husband of Clymene, and father to Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimetheus. It is located on the western side of the country. These myths explained everything from religious rituals to the weather, and they gave meaning to the world people saw around them. He married the nymph Merope and had four children: Glaucus, Ornytion, Almus and Thersander. In Greek mythology, the Hecatoncheires were a type of giant creature. Looking […], Sisyphus was the creator and first king of the city Ephyra (later Corinth). Myths include King Midas, Perseus, Medusa, Persephone and … Cyclopes means âround eye.â Considered the sons of Uranus and Gaea they were the workmen of the God Hephaestus whose workshop was in the heart of the volcanic mountain Etna. […], One of the most popular monsters of Greek Mythology, Medusa was a beautiful maiden with golden hair. Nessus was part of […]. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods, or supernatural humans. The likes of these borrow from classic myths and legends of, say, Greek mythology. At the time that it was founded, the area where Lycia is located was called Anatolia. The love goddess Aphrodite sprang up from the foam from Sky's severed genitals. Once Dionysus grew to adulthood, Silenus was his companion along with his group of satyrs. After Dionysus was born, Zeus entrusted the infant Dionysus to Silenusâ care to be raised and taught. Like other centaurs, Chiron was the goddess of Earth Fables - all your favourites to,. 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