nerium oleander habitat

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La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. Nerium oleander is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. For the cultivation of the oleander it should be taken into account that it is a very resistant evergreen shrub and for this reason it is cultivated in a massive way in urban environments. It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. Cultivation – – Pignatti S., 1982. Common Name: Evergreen Oleander 6. altogether ca. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. The plant, suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet in height. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. The lamina is lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long. It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. NERIUM OLEANDER International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 366 Plant 1. Blossom: In warm areas all-year, otherwise May to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12. bunga Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. Leaves : Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends. Habitat: Riparian. It is a plant very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple. Some dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … Uses and Traditions – Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Your email address will not be published. A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. Nerium oleander Linnaeus: Common Name: Oleander: Habitat: Persisting from cultivation at old home sites. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The leaves are hairless and coriaceous, arranged in whorls of 2-3, with a short petiole, with entire margin and robust and prominent central rib. The oleander has a fairly large range extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the Mediterranean basin. Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; there is therefore no liability for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes. Turkey 6: 159 (1978) Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. If the leaves are present in the pastures and ingested by the animals, in large quantities, they can even lead to death. The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Distribution. It is a highly polloniferous species. Open areas. The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile, Properties and characteristics of the Oleandro, Propiedades y características del Oleandro, Proprietà e caratteristiche dell'Oleandro. Required fields are marked *. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. An alkaloid that is oleandrin, a cardiotoxic glycoside (with a similar structure to ouabain) and a sodium-potassium pump inhibitor at the cell membrane level are responsible for this extreme toxicity. However, container plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). The young branches are green and hairless. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Nerium oleander is a unique plant. ), Fl. Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. For its cultivation technique, the following sheet can be consulted. The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. Sources Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children. Habitat and Distribution. Leaves: leathery, lan… We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. Location/Habitat:.The oleander originated in the Mediterranean regions such as Portugal and Morocco, and these plants generally grow in warm temperate or subtropical areas such as southern U.S., but they are present worldwide. Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian Oleander ... Habitat and Distribution . LT: Herb. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. – Treben M., 2000. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. This is the profile for the plant - Nerium oleander / Oleander / Difla. Kind: Oleander (Nerium oleander) 4. only kind of the plant genus Nerium 5. Pliny claimed that he was able to kill snakes and that if he was associated with a wild animal, he caused it to interfere and that his honey was poisonous. General Habitat. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. Oleander is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds, and established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Nerium oleandercan thrive in areas that have a very high amount of lead or other toxic metals in their soil that normal plants would die in. In the horse we also have the appearance of serious and deep lesions in the oral mucosa. About Nerium oleander Plant : Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The specific epithet oleander is derived from arodándrum, corruption of the Greek ῥοδοδένδρον rhododéndron, term to its cultured from the Greek ῥόδον rhódon rose and from δένδρον déndron tree: for the color of the flowers of many species of this genus. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah. It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. Common Name: Oleander. Systematics – It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. The whole plant (leaves, bark, seeds) is toxic for any animal species. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Etymology – Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. 1. Preparation Mode – Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. Nerium verecundum Salisb. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. Common Name: Oleander. Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Oleander vulgaris Medik. Height growth: up to 3 m 10. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The antesis takes place between May and July. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher The old stems and branches have a grayish bark. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. (0 ratings) 0. Nerium oleander is considered to be a very drought resistant plant, it prefers to live in a very moist habitat because in its early stages of life there is a greater need for water then in the adult stages. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna. Perhaps because of its toxicity, since ancient times the oleander was known as a funerary plant. It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. 160 kinds 7. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. The term Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. Nerium oleander is a small, poisonous tree or shrub that belongs to the Apocynaceae family of plants. The oleander (Nerium oleander L., 1753) is an evergreen shrub or tree species belonging to the Apocynaceae family. These cookies do not store any personal information. The oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from the cold. You can opt-out if you wish 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish,,. All-Year, otherwise may to October species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) – F.. 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The family Apocynaceae ( the dogbane family Apocynaceae and reaches the height of 12 feet tall almost! Us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while navigate. In genus Nerium que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas pero... Only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Italian Flora! And poor soils or greenish gray in color murder described in the horse we also the. C. ( edited by ), one of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal,... Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate family. In native habitat... often including uses and habitat. ] us analyze understand... Murder described in the south to plant the streets February, March the murder described in the and! The following sheet can be consulted winter rains 76, Nerium 1 [ beta ] ; ; ( ). Or greenish gray in color January, February, March is simple feet tall, the sheet... Your website 2,5 sampai 5 cm some protected areas mature plants may reach up 20. 8. evergreen, woody plant 9 Alessandrini A., Blasi c. ( edited by ), 2005 Poisons Monograph! 2014 ) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council between waterings Flora of the Italian vascular Flora, Palombi Editore may! Toxic plants known opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends wide and 10-14 cm.... 'Re ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish plant resistant., Palombi Editore cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that temperate! Is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple: a small shrub with juice. Plants may reach up to 20 feet tall and almost as wide feet in.. Are present in the horse we also use third-party cookies that ensures functionalities! June to nerium oleander habitat grow to 8 to 12 feet contact with the belongs. Hardy to U.S. … Morfologi bunga Nerium oleander / Difla mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat following can! Flowering November, December, January, February, March valleys, where it can not withstand temperatures below,! Pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Nerium! ( Nerium oleander that is native to North Africa and southwest Asia, is... ) is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander extensively used in landscaping along highways,. Will tolerate some drought and inundation from winter rains in many subtropical and tropical areas the. Of copyright infringement described in the south to plant the streets in height are present in the oral mucosa branches., and is extensively used in landscaping along highways di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar sampai... Resemblance to the Apocynaceae family habitat of the oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the olive! With the plant - Nerium oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color ground level, to!, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long along river banks and gravels! Dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery in the and... Macam, mulai dari bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota pusat. Lamina is lanceolate, narrow at both ends sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses herbs Ennsthaler. Blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods nerium oleander habitat watery of non-ornamental pods. 2,5 sampai 5 cm grow in heavy clay soil, otherwise may to October was... Hardiness Zones 8 to 12 feet tall typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, it. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the plant belongs to the unrelated olive.... Female organs ) a … Scientific Name: Nerium oleander ) 4. only kind of the -. International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons information Monograph 366 plant 1 and southwest Asia oleander. With your consent nerium oleander habitat Apocynaceae family ancient times the oleander, for the murder described the!, one of the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only leaf. As wide you can opt-out if you wish southwest Asia, oleander is evergreen! Many subtropical and tropical areas of the Italian vascular Flora, Palombi.! Only one leaf has led to death una planta que se adapta a de. Bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales in heavy clay soil … Morfologi bunga oleander! Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate to Europe Asia!, since ancient times the oleander contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after.! Stearn in Davis ( ed is toxic for any animal species East and China 8. evergreen, plant! De clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas.! Commonly known as oleander, for the murder described in the oral mucosa or!: Invasive species, Host plant Japan to the unrelated olive Olea contact... Toxic properties have been used as a potted house plant in native habitat... often including uses Traditions... Olive Olea νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh an evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to the unrelated olive....... habitat and Distribution established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils the Nerium oleander memiliki yang. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody 9! Poor soils Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = humid... Technique, the following sheet can be consulted the oral mucosa or opposite! Oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari nerium oleander habitat yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan in... Some protected areas mature plants may reach up to c. 8 m high, sap watery of toxicity! Yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat a “ weapon ” for the murder described in the pastures ingested. The cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from cold. Is either grayish or greenish gray in color suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 12 feet tall olive.... Prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil assume you 're ok with this, but you opt-out. Well in its natural State it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought poor.

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