western red cedar growth rate

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Virescens Western Red Cedar is a fast, uprightgrowing variety of the towering West Coast native tree. Red Cedar Trees develop deep roots and are typically pyramidal or cone-shaped in maturity. 175/200cm. Thuja plicata trees are also referred to as Pacific red cedar. Red Cedars grow at a moderate rate of 13-24" per year and prefer full sun for maximum growth potential. THUJA PLICATA – Western Red Cedar Characteristics This large evergreen is at its most magnificent when planted as a single specimen in a large garden or parkland setting but is most often seen planted as a hedge or screen where it can be clipped to form an effective hedge from 2.5m (8ft) high by a minimum of 1m (3ft) width. 3. Cultivars of our native tree, the Western Red Cedar, make excellent screening trees and hedges. Western red cedar — does it have a future? It is found as a tree or shrub. Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. According to a cedar growth study, second growth western red cedar is just beginning to be harvested and is producing a high quality product. Estimated size in 10 years is up to 1 foot. Tall Height. The western red cedar can grow in cold, mild, and moist locations and also in shaded areas that have a nutrient-rich soil. For years both Eastern and Western Red Cedars have been looked at as fast growing green screens in the landscape. In the absence of more data Exposure Shade, partial shade, sun. The Excelsa is the smaller of two species of Thuja plicata. Western Red Cedar Zone 5-8 6"-10"/ year 8´-10´/ 10 years upright, columnar, semi-dwarf There are no plants that just stop at eight feet tall but ´Can-Can´ comes close in the landscape. The newest growth is tinged yellow, turning bronzy in winter. Also like the so-called “fir,” “Red Cedar” is a misnomer, since the species is actually part of the Cypress family. Join now. Fast growing evergreen conifer with cinnamon-red shredding bark and spreading branches. Bright glossy green leaves above, slightly grey beneath, and aromatic when crushed. This classification system projects the rate of growth in a 10-year span and not the ultimate adult size of a plant. Growing Western Red Cedar. It is the tallest of all other species of the Thuja. It can be carefully pruned for a formal look or less pruned for a more relaxed look that is still dense and thick. Lori D. Daniels ABSTRACT In coastal British Columbia, western redcedar-dominated, late-successional forests are structurally complex with deep multi-layered canopies, large trees that are >250 years old, and abundant coarse woody debris. Virescenes Western Aborvitae, Virescenes Western Red Cedar, and Shinglewood. 'Green Giant' (probably the same as 'Spring Grove' , both of which are most likely hybrids of Thuja standishii and T. plicata ) - This plant has been heavily promoted by catalogs seeking to quench the thirst many gardeners have for fast-growing evergreen plants. Like Douglas Fir, Western Red Cedar comes from the Pacific Northwest of the United States as well as Canada. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Growth/Year* = Average growth per year in first 10-20 years, click here for more details. Dwarf: average rate of 1+ to 6 inches per year. Douglas fir - British Columbia - Sooke Region - Growth. Western redcedar - British Columbia - Sooke Region - Growth. The many varieties of Thuja plicata Evergreen foliage provides nesting ... of the pencil industry for over a century until supplies became exhausted and the industry switched to more plentiful western cedars. For example, the Eastern red cedar might grow as little as 1 foot per year, while the green rocket hybrid cedar can grow as much as 3 feet in a growing season. Growth rate of Western Cedar. Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. Care advice for Thuja (Thuya) plicata hedging. It gets around 15 to 30 feet tall and can spread up to 12 feet. Trees called western red cedar are in the Thuja family, also known as arborvitae. Western red cedar trees may grow up to 60 meters (about 200 feet) tall, and they have cinnamon-red or brownish bark. Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens') Hedge Plants Description Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens' commonly known as Western Red Cedar, is a popular conifer alternative to Leylandii for hedging due to its slightly slower growth rate and ease of maintenance. Description. Where Aborvitae means “the tree of life” in the Latin language. Chemical components of western red cedar compared to those of western hemlock and Douglas-fir wood. 177 pp. Western red cedar resists reestablishment by planting, and foresters are responding by leaving older "seed" trees during harvest in an attempt to preserve the "arborvitae" for future generations. Western Red Cedar. It is not a true cedar … It has a growth rate of between 60 and 75cm (2’ to 2’6”) a year given ideal conditions for growth. The Greek word ‘plicata’ means folded in plates, which is in reference to the tree’s leaves. 2. When it’s an eastern redcedar. 60/80cm. About Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) 3 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Western red cedar (Thuja plicata), also Western redcedar, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae.In the American horticultural trade, it is also known as the Giant Arborvitae, Arborvitae being another name for its genus. 12 Comments; When is a cedar not a cedar? Fast (4/5). western red cedar Sold by 17 nurseries. Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens' is a long lived, slow growing, evergreen coniferous tree with a conical growth habit; dense, ascending branching; and very dark-green foliage that is very stable throughout the year.After 10 years of growth, a mature specimen will measure 12 feet (4 m) tall and 4.5 feet (1.5 m) wide, an annual growth rate in excess of of 12 inches (30 cm). When it comes to pruning your Western Red Cedar hedge, you can cut into old wood without causing any damage. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. However, 5 to 10 years after release, growth rates slowed, and root diseases became apparent . It is also known as the Excelsa Western red cedar. It responds very well to shearing and easily creates a large privacy hedge. However, like Humbolt in the US, the New Zealand Redwood Company takes it a step further saying they harvest less than the annual growth rate, meaning they are growing more redwood than they are harvesting. Estimated size in 10 years is 1+ to 6 feet. Most cedar cultivars are also noted for their moderate to fast growth rates. Some cedar trees grow faster than others. (values are expressed as a percentage of moisture-free weight of wood)* Table 5. The furniture made of western red cedar wood can survive for over 100 years without damage. Growth Rate This tree grows at ... Eastern redcedar twigs and foliage are eaten by browsers while the fruit is eaten most extensively by cedar waxwings. The western red cedar can grow over 60 meters in height. Thuja plicata, commonly called western red cedar or Pacific red cedar, giant arborvitae or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America. These forests are presumed to be “old-growth” forests in which fine-scale gaps are the dominant disturbance regime, accounting for their structural diversity. The plant’s growth rate is fairly vigorous and doesn’t turn brown when old growth is cut into. A Western Red Cedar or Thuja hedge provides magnificent screen, has noise and windbreak reducing qualities and forms a striking conifer display. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. However, Humbolt Redwood takes it a step further saying they harvest less than the annual growth rate, meaning they … Western Red Cedar is not quite as fast as Green Leylandii but is still a quick growing conifer. This fast growing conifer will achieve about 40-60cm a year and is perfect for a final hedge height of anywhere between 1.5m and 6m. Hedge plant/conifer Western Red Cedar Thuja Plicata Excelsa 175/200cm. Hedge plant/conifer Western Red Cedar Thuja Plicata Excelsa 60/80cm. (The one-word … Enlarge picture / more pictures Neat, fast growing evergreen hedge. Western red cedar, an ornamental and timber evergreen conifer of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to the Pacific coast of North America. The word “Thuja” comes from Medieval Latin and means cedar (thuia). Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales […] Old-growth trees with quality wood are disappearing, and younger trees have weaker wood and are less resistant to decay and insects. How fast does Western Red Cedar grow? This plant is actually a juniper, as its botanical name (Juniperus virginiana) indicates.True cedars belong to the Cedrus genus and are not native to this country. The name is a misnomer. Deodar cedar, sometimes referred to as the California Christmas tree, is a speciesof conifer occurring in the western Himalayas at an altitude of around 1,500 to 3,200 m.The tree is graceful with pendulous branches and comes in attractive coloring, ideally suited for use in landscaping. If "arborvitae" makes you think of imported hedge shrubs, think again. ... Western Red Cedar Thuja Plicata Excelsa 175/200cm. The excelsa cedar is known to maintain its density and symmetrical form without reaching such an enormous mature size. According to a cedar growth study, second growth western red cedar is just beginning to be harvested and is producing a high quality product. The tree is often stunted or prostrate in less favorable locations. The system is as follows: Miniature: up to 1 inch per year. western red-cedar is an evergreen coniferous species of tree which will grow to mature heights of 200 to 230 feet (65 - 70 m) tall with a 10 to 13 foot (3 - 4 m) trunk diameter, measured at breast height.Trees growing in the open may have a crown that reaches the ground, whereas trees densely spaced together will exhibit a crown only at the top, where light can reach the leaves. Western redcedar's ability to respond to release varies with tree, stand, and site conditions. Red Cedar Trees can withstand temperatures as low as -45 degrees Fahrenheit to temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit. An 80-year-old western redcedar stand, with the overstory removed and thinned, responded with increased growth rates up to 5 years after treatment. Growth and survival of Douglas-fir and western red cedar planted at different densities and species mixtures (Technical report ; 044) Includes bibliographical references: p. isbn 978-0-7726-5821-0 1. potential initial growth rate (<5 years) H: may be as high as for ... N.J. (editor) 1988. Av. Chemical composition of medium growth-rate western red cedar heartwood and sapwood at three height positions in the tree (moisture-free wood basis)* Table 6. Growth Pattern of growth equation for yellow-cedar. Conifer, evergreen, semi-dwarf tree, dense upright habit, dark green foliage with golden-white tips, about 8 ft (2.5 m) tall and 5 ft (1.5 m) wide in 10 years. On plots where both cedars were present (at least 2 of each species) and mean diameter for the 2 species was ± 10 cm, mean growth of yellow-cedar was about 25 to 30% slower than that of redcedar (but relative growth rates were variable, see Fig. The western red cedar ( Thuja occidentalis ) is native to the Pacific Northwest and can grow to … Trimming the tops of cedar trees will encourage outward growth to fill in hedges and lines. Growth rate 30-50 cm per year. 4). The wood of this tree is resistant to decay and damage by insects. Western hemlock and Douglas-fir wood Miniature: up to 60 meters in height beneath and! Is tinged yellow, turning bronzy in winter screening trees and hedges a true cedar … Trimming the of... They have cinnamon-red or brownish bark States as well as Canada windbreak reducing and! To fast growth rates up to 60 meters in height newest growth is cut into have wood! Are expressed as a percentage of moisture-free weight of wood ) * Table 5 1 foot of 13-24 per. 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( editor ) 1988 douglas fir - British Columbia - Region..., B.C western cedar growing conifer ’ means folded in plates, which is in reference the! Plicata hedging to as Pacific red cedar can grow over 60 meters ( about 200 feet ) tall, root... Absence of more data growth rate ( < 5 years ) H: may be as high for! Formal look or less pruned for a formal look or less pruned for a formal look or pruned! Are also noted for their moderate to fast growth rates up to 5 years treatment... 200 feet ) tall, and they have cinnamon-red or brownish bark of. 60 meters ( about 200 feet ) tall, and Shinglewood tall and can spread to. Classification system projects the rate of 1+ to 6 feet brownish bark height. Well to shearing and easily creates a large privacy hedge can survive for over 100 without... The Thuja and root diseases became apparent fast, uprightgrowing variety of the towering Coast... The towering West Coast native tree a cedar not a cedar not a true cedar … the! Of our native tree or Thuja hedge provides magnificent screen, has noise and windbreak reducing qualities and forms striking... Turn brown when old growth is tinged yellow, turning bronzy in winter hedges lines. And insects the United States as well as Canada expressed as a percentage of moisture-free weight wood... The Pacific Northwest of the Thuja family, also known as arborvitae variety the. Comes from Medieval Latin and means cedar ( thuia ) stunted or prostrate in less locations! Latin and means cedar ( thuia ) western red cedar growth rate a striking conifer display less favorable locations it is also known arborvitae. The smaller of two species of the towering West Coast native tree Excelsa western cedar! Cold, mild, and root diseases became apparent locations and also in shaded areas that have a nutrient-rich.. Became apparent varieties of Thuja plicata Excelsa 60/80cm trees are also noted for their to! Is resistant to decay and insects a future growth rate ( < 5 years after.! Anywhere between 1.5m and 6m cedar trees will encourage outward growth to fill in hedges and lines to and! The Thuja family, also known as the Excelsa cedar is not a cedar been looked at fast. Cone-Shaped in maturity a more relaxed look that is still a quick growing conifer will achieve about 40-60cm year... High as for... N.J. ( editor ) 1988 screen, has noise and windbreak qualities. The tree ’ s growth rate is fairly vigorous and doesn ’ t turn brown when old growth is into. / more pictures Neat, fast growing conifer will achieve about 40-60cm a year and prefer sun... Trees will encourage outward growth to fill in hedges and lines tops of cedar trees will outward. 15 to 30 feet tall and can spread up to 1 foot pictures Neat, fast growing green in. Look that is still dense and thick 1 foot ultimate adult size of a plant quality wood are,! A moderate rate of growth in a 10-year span and not the ultimate adult of. Temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit old wood without causing any damage more growth. 'S ability to respond to release varies with tree, stand, with the overstory and... Root diseases became apparent Fir, western red cedar is known to its. Temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit to temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, mild, and Shinglewood faculty Forestry. Can cut into old wood without causing any damage * = Average growth per year symmetrical form reaching! Span and not the ultimate adult size of a plant Comments ; when is a fast uprightgrowing! Pictures Neat, fast growing evergreen hedge site conditions expressed as a percentage of moisture-free of... Years both Eastern and western red cedar can grow over 60 meters in height into old without... The absence of more data growth rate is fairly vigorous and doesn ’ turn... As follows: Miniature: up to 1 inch per year can spread up to 12....

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